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55 terms

world faiths final

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1 billion
# of Hindus living in the world today
Brahma
god of Hinduism identified as the creator
moksha
term used to describe release from the endless cycle of rebirth
Smirti
which category of the Hindu scriptures does the Bhagavad Gita fall
True
t/f:
the chief characteristic of the Hindu religion is its comprehensiveness
true
t/f:
believe that people do not easily realize the greatness of who they are
true
t/f:
the purpose of yoga is to correct false identification of self with what is apparent and to seek that which lies underneath the layers of illusion
false
t/f:
the founder of the Hindu religion is considered to be the god Krishna
om
a Hindu sacred sound that is considered the greatest of all mantras
Hindu
the word that means Indian
puja
a religious ritual of worship performed in the home and/or in a public temple by a Hindu
guru
a spiritual director, teacher, or guide, in the Hindu tradition
Atman
the true self of each individual, being divine and eternal and beyond the ego or personality
karma
is the moral law of cause and effect; the Hindu connection between how one acts and the consequences for those actions
caste
is a division in Hindu society based on one's position in life, determined by birth in that group
reincarnation
the rebirth into a higher or lower form of life according to how well or how poorly a previous life was lived
nirvana
in Hinduism, a state in which a person is united with his or her deepest self, Brahman; comes about through ultimate reality
true
t/f:
religion is broadset sense is natural to human beings-- at least according to the textbook
true
t/f:
prehistory gives evidence of practices that cannot be interpreted as other than religious
true
t/f:
the answer people give to the mystery of life is based on trust, not scientific evidence
true
t/f:
the history of religion in the western world reveals a trend toward more clearly understanding what is truly related to the mystery of life and what is within the realm of human understanding
false
t/f:
our knowledge of the prehistoric religions of the Western world is based on written records
e. all the above
A characteristic common to prehistoric religions include
a. belief in spirit-forces or invisible powers
b. close ties to a particular area or locality
c. manipulation, coercion, and supplication of the world of the spirits
d. designated places of worship
e. all of the above
f. all the above except c
d. Greek people
who humianized the mystery of life by systematically cultivating a people's eye-view of life rather than a god's eye-view
a. prehistoric people
b. babylonian people
c. aboriginal people
d. greek people
linguist
one who studies languages
Zeus
the most important God of the Greeks
philosophy
the pursuit of wisdom; a search for a general understanding of reality
magic
the use of devises, such as spells and charms, believe to have supernatural powers
animism
the belief that all of physical reality is animated by spirits(s)
infantilism
the living of religion on the level of children
anthropology
a scientist who studies the science of human beings, especially their origin, nature, and destiny
astrology
the study of the stars to see if favorable conditions existed for undertaking an action
myth
story or tradition with a loose historical basis which serves to unfold parts of the worlds view of a group of people or explain a practice or belief or natural event
religion
a response to the mystery of life adhered by a group, expressed by means of formulas, rituals, and a moral or ethical code
true
t/f:
Muslim's believe that Jesus was a true prophet
false
t/f:
muhammad often went to his 'place of solitude", known as Medina
true
t/f:
only males Muslims are obligated to pray at least 5 times a day
true
t/f:
Muhammad learned the principles of the Christian and Jewish religions which influenced his thinking about God
True
t/f:
Muslims believe that Muhammad was not divine, but human
Ishmael
Muslims believe there is a direct line from Abraham to Muhammad through him
hajj
the muslim obligation to make a pilgrimage to Ka'ba
shahada
the Islamic profession of acceptance of Allah as the One God and Muhammad as the messenger of God
Khadija
Muhammad's wife
mosque
a 'place of prostration'
571
Muhammad was born
Hadith
is a collection of Muhammad's words, sayings, explanations, and examples to help thebeliever follow the Quran
Mecca
no matter where a Muslim may be in the world when praying, a Muslim always faces towards
Ramadan
is a month during which Muslims fast from dawn until sunset each day
Five Pillars of faith
worship, a profession of faith, almsgiving, the obligation to fast, and pilgrimage to the Ka'ba
300-400 million
# of Buddhists worldwide
Buddha
the "enlightened one"
pali canon
a collection of revered Buddhist writings recorded from oral traditions and codefied; they contain sermons, rules, and essays on philosophy and psychology
Four Noble truths
1. all things in the world entail sorrow and suffering, 2. the cause of suffering is desire, the craving oir the pleasures of life, 3. suffering ends when the craving for pleasure ends, 4. following the Eightfold path will end suffering
Bodhisattva
one who is on the threshold or nirvanna, but postpones his or her entry to help others reach
dhamma
the essential quality or character of Buddhism