81 terms

HIS 122 Final Exam

By the 1920s, workers in Henry Ford's automobile industry:
did their work in a solemn atmosphere that emphasized making money over individuality.
he main force behind the 1920s economy was
automobile production.
Proponents of welfare capitalism believed that:
corporations could undercut unions by providing certain benefits.
The textile industry coped with a drop in economic prosperity by:
shifting operations to the cheap-labor South.
Which statement about living patterns in the 1920s is NOT true?
The majority of Americans still lived in rural areas.
The Harlem Renaissance:
featured some of the greatest literature, music, and visual art of the era.
Which sport was NOT enormously popular in the 1920s?
professional football
The National Origins Act of 1924 was aimed at limiting the immigration of:
southern and eastern Europeans and Japanese.
Which group would not have been strong supporters of prohibition?
immigrants in urban ethnic areas.
In the Kellogg-Briand Pact, the U.S.:
renounced aggression and condemned war.
What occurred on "Black Tuesday"?
A stock market crash wiped out all the gains of the previous year.
In what year was unemployment the highest?
Which statement about conditions for African-Americans during the depression is true?
Blacks were generally the first workers to be fired and the last to be hired.
Franklin Roosevelt defeated Herbert Hoover in 1932 for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:
Roosevelt had announced the specifics of his New Deal package of legislation.
The Federal Emergency Relief Administration:
furnished funds to local and state governments.
The plight of American farmers during the depression was magnified by:
devastating droughts and dust storms throughout the 1930s.
The Social Security Act:
established federal responsibility in providing social welfare.
On Memorial Day in Chicago in 1937:
police fired on strikers and their families, killing 10 people.
A significant shift in voting demographics occurred in the 1930s when:
blacks shifted their loyalties from the Republicans to the Democrats.
In the early 1930s, Hitler established this type of government in Germany.
According to Gallup polls throughout the 1930s, 70 percent of Americans:
expressed that becoming involved in another world war would be a mistake.
Which of the following countries was allied with the Axis in 1941?
FDR's "lend-lease" program allowed:
Britain to borrow military equipment from the United States.
The Atlantic Charter of 1941:
provided a political framework for the possibility of American involvement.
A turning point on the Eastern Front came when:
the Soviet Union forced a German surrender after the Battle of Stalingrad.
Which statement about American support for World War II is true?
The support for the war unified Americans across regional, national, and class divisions.
All of the following statements about war production are true EXCEPT:
the poorest quarter of Americans was excluded from wartime industries.
What prompted J. Robert Oppenheimer to say, "Now I am become death"?
seeing a nuclear fission bomb tested for the first time
FDR's issuance of Executive Order 8802:
banned racial discrimination in employment for defense industries.
Who replaced Henry Wallace as FDR's running mate in 1944?
Harry Truman.
The Republicans won control of Congress in:
Civil rights reforms enacted by the Truman administration included:
desegregation of the armed forces.
The creation of the Council of Economic Advisors:
increased the role of the federal government in the nation's economy.
The G.I. Bill was geared at helping veterans in the areas of:
housing and education.
One trend of the period 1946-1950 was:
a significant increase in the number of babies being born.
Third-party presidential candidate Henry Wallace believed that:
U.S. foreign policy was instigating the Cold War.
The main purpose of the Truman Doctrine was to:
contain communism by not letting it spread to other nations.
Which organization was not created in the period 1946-1950?
The League of Nations
In the years after World War II, the American Communist Party:
was actually in rapid decline.
The McCarran Committee and state legislatures both attempted to intimidate:
teachers and college professors who had been accused of subversion.
Ronald Reagan, like many Americans, believed that the country would thrive if:
free enterprise was encouraged and supported.
In 1954, Congress focused its housing policy on:
urban renewal.
Which country led 1950s Europe with a 250 percent increase in industrial production?
Who did NOT first rise to great popularity in the 1950s?
The Beatles
One trend in governmental spending during the 1950s was:
a significant increase in defense spending.
In February 1960, four black college students began a trend toward mass involvement in:
lunch counter sit-ins.
Lee Harvey Oswald's background included all of the following EXCEPT:
a tendency to agree with mainstream political ideas.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964:
prohibited segregation in public facilities.
Lyndon Johnson was responsible for the creation and passage of all of the following EXCEPT:
the Alliance for Progress.
An effective vaccine for polio:
was developed in 1955.
American involvement in Vietnam peaked in:
Model Cities Programs:
encouraged community involvement in urban planning.
This magazine gave the women's movement a national voice in 1972.
All of the following statements about the Black Panthers are true EXCEPT:
they focused entirely on national rather than local goals.
Which two men were assassinated within months of each other in 1968?
Robert Kennedy and Martin Luther King, Jr.
After Richard Nixon's election, it became apparent that:
he did not have a secret plan to end the war.
Economic problems during the early 1970s included all of the following EXCEPT:
25 percent unemployment.
The foundation of the Watergate crisis was centered on:
Richard Nixon's overestimation of his opponent's political strengths.
In a speech in 1979, President Carter expressed that:
he felt the nation was experiencing a spiritual and moral crisis.
The roots of the Iranian hostage crisis resided in:
the Shah of Iran's despotic regime.
Ronald Reagan won the election of 1980 because:
Americans felt threatened by political and economic forces they couldn't control.
Neoconservatives such as Edward Banfield believed that:
social problems could not be solved through public policies enacted by the government.
One effect of deregulation was:
the destruction and bail-out of the savings and loan industry.
George Bush's campaign strategies in 1988 included all of the following EXCEPT:
expressing a thorough program of domestic policy.
Which statement about the Iran-Contra affair is NOT true?
President Reagan and Vice President George Bush were unaware of any wrongdoings.
Developments in foreign relations in the late 1980s included:
relatively peaceful revolutions that toppled Soviet control of eastern Europe.
Which of the following changed the composition of the American people by abolishing the national quota system, which had been in effect since 1924?
The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965
The Roe v. Wade decision was based on the right to:
Life in gay communities took an abrupt turn in the 1980s when:
a worldwide AIDS epidemic began to impact the population of the United States.
Liberal or "modern" Protestants:
emphasize building the Kingdom of God through social justice.
This event ended a decade of prosperity at home and complacency about the place of the United States in the world.
the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001
Who was NOT a candidate in the three-way presidential race in 1992?
Bob Dole
The outcome of the budget wars in 1995 and 1996:
revealed that centrist solutions were preferred by most Americans.
Gun control was political dynamite in the 1990s, with groups debating the definition and interpretation of the:
Second Amendment.
Examples of jobs in the information economy include all of the following EXCEPT:
hospital orderlies.
The Internet grew out of:
concerns about defense and national security.
Which ethnic group is the fastest growing in the United States?
The case of University of California v. Bakke is a landmark court case about:
affirmative action.
George W. Bush decided NOT to implement this treaty, which had been one of the major accomplishments of his father's term as president.
The September 11 terrorist attacks are often compared to:
the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.
In 2004 the presidential nominee of the Democratic Party was:
John Kerry.