5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Non- Mechanical Causes of Intestinal Obstruction partial or complete
- Intestinal pseudoobstruction
- Bile reflux gastritis
- Continent Ileostomy,
- a is an option for people who are not good candidates for ileoanal reservoir surgery because of damage to the rectum or anus but do not want to wear an ostomy pouch. As with ileoanal reservoir surgery, the large intestine is removed and a colon-like pouch, called a Kock pouch, is made from the end of the ileum. The surgeon connects the Kock pouch to a stoma. A Kock pouch must be drained each day by inserting a tube through the stoma. An ostomy pouch is not needed and the stoma is covered by a patch when it is not in use.
- b results from neuromuscular or vascular disorder; Paralytic ileus (anesthesia); psuedoobstruction
- c is a surgical connection between two structures. It usually means a connection that is created between tubular structures, such as blood vessels or loops of intestine.
- d is due to an excessive reflux of duodenal contents into the stomach it will damage gastric mucus
- e is decreased ability of the intestine to push food through, and often causes dilation of various parts of the bowel. It can be a primary condition (idiopathic or inherited) or caused by another disease (secondary). The clinical and radiological findings are often similar to true intestinal obstruction.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Excision of the pylorus with end-to-end anastomosis of the upper portion of the stomach and the duodenum.
- the only effective treatment for pyloric stenosis. It may also be used to treat certain patients with peptic ulcers or other types of gastric disease that cause a blockage of the stomach opening.
- is an option when the large intestine is removed but the anus remains intact and disease-free. The surgeon creates a colonlike pouch, called an ileoanal reservoir, from the last several inches of the ileum. The ileoanal reservoir is also called a pelvic pouch or J-pouch. Stool collects in the ileoanal reservoir and then exits the body through the anus during a bowel movement. People who have undergone ileoanal reservoir surgery initially have about six to 10 bowel movements a day. Two or more surgeries are usually required, including a temporary ileostomy, and an adjustment period lasting several months is needed for the newly formed ileoanal reservoir to stretch and adjust to its new function. After the adjustment period, bowel movements decrease to as few as 4 to 6 a day.
- Bowel prep
- is the occurrence of intestinal blockage in the absence of an actual physical obstruction. This type of blockage is caused by a malfunction in the nerves and muscles in the intestine that impairs digestive movement.
5 True/False questions
Why do a Vagotomy → the surgical procedure that involves the resection the vagus nerve
Volvulus → is defined as a complete twisting of a loop of intestine around its mesenteric attachment site.
4 types of Bowel Diversion Surgeries → Gastrectomy, Vagotomy, Pylorplasty, Gastroduodenostomy, Gastrojejunostomy, and Gastroenterostomy
Pyloroplasty → is the endoscopic examination of the large bowel and the distal part of the small bowel with a CCD camera or a fiber optic camera on a flexible tube passed through the anus
Colostomy, → diverts the ileum to a stoma. Semisolid waste flows out of the stoma and collects in an ostomy pouch, which must be emptied several times a day. An ileostomy bypasses the colon, rectum, and anus and has the fewest complications.