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26 terms

Ch. 11 Terms

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Mozarabs
Spanish Christians who learned Arabic, veliled their women, stopped eating pork, appreciated Arabic music and poetry, and sometimes married Muslims.
Timbuktu
a West-African city that had over 150 Quranic schools
Hadiths
traditions about the sayings or actions of Muhammad
Ulama
educated class of Muslim legal scholars engaged in several fields of Islamic studies, especially sharia law
Sufis
muslims who sought a direct and personal experience with the divine
Umma
"the community of all believers"
hijra
Muhammad's journey to Mecca
Ibn Battuta
a Muslim explorer who was very offended by the behavior of the West-African women upon his visit
Madrassas
formal Islamic colleges
jihad
the duty of Muslims
imams
religious leaders of the Shia sect of Islam
jizya
the tax that the dhimmis paid
Bedouins
nomadic Arabs from the Arabian Peninsula
Umayyad Caliphate
the second caliph under the Umayyad empire
hajj
the journey to Mecca that all muslims are required to make provided they are financially secure
Abbassid Caliphate
the third caliph under the Abbassid empire
Mecca
the Jerusalem of the Islamic faith
Mutazalites
Islamic thinkers who argued that reason rather than revelation was the surest way to truth
shaykhs
Sufi teachers who drew in disciples who wanted to know their secrets to union with Allah
sharia
the Islamic law based on the original teachings of Muhammad
Rumi
Islamic poet
Ibn Sina
as Arab physician that diagnosed many diseases
Rightly Guided Caliphs
Muhammad's successors
Sikhism
a religion which blended Hinduism and Islam
Kaaba
the relgious shrine of pre-muslim and Muslim faith
dhimmis
"people of the book" or protected subjects