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24 terms

OH MAN ORGANIC CHEMISTRY UP IN HURR

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Alkanes
Hydrocarbons that contain only single bonds. Known as saturdated hydrocarbons. (Cn, H2n+n)
Methane
CH4
Ethane
C2H6
Propane
C3H8
Butane
C4H10
Pentane
C5H12
Alkenes
Hydrocarbons that contain double bonds. Examples of unsaturated hydrocarbons. (Cn, H2n)
Ethene/Ethylene
C2H4
Propene
C3H6
Butene
C4H8
Pentene
C5H10
Alkynes
Hydrocarbons that contain triple bonds. Examples of unsaturated hydrocarbons. (Cn, H2n-2)
Ethyne
C2H2
Propyne
C3H4
Butyne
C4H6
Pentyne
C5H8
Alcohols
-OH group at end of molecule
Carboxylic Acids
-COOH at end of molecule
Halides
Halide at end of molecule
Amines
-NH2 at end of molecule
Aldehydes
-C=O at end of molecule (c double bond o aka carboxly group)
Ketones
-C=O not connected to any hydrogen atoms
Ethers
Oxygen atom serves as a link in a hydrocarbon chain
Esters
COO group serves as a link in a hydrocarbon chain (C-O with a lollipop on top)