5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- -Median-line principle
- a developed contemporaneously with the evolution of the cultural landscape (e.g., US/Mexico)
- b a region caught between stronger colliding external cultural-political forces, under persistent stress, and often fragmented by aggressive rivals (e.g., Israel or Kashmir today; Eastern Europe during the Cold War,...).
- c Decolonization is the movement of American/European/Asian colonies gaining independence (mostly beginning after the post-WWII era). Some were peaceful struggles while others became violent.
- d in situations where there is less than 400 nautical miles
- e Incorporation of a territory into another geo-political entity.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Afrikaans for "apartness"; it was the segregation of blacks, coloreds, Asians, and Whites in South Africa from 1948 to 1994. It was created to keep the white minority in power and allow them to have almost total control over the black majority (~90% of the total population).
- the largely democratic and free-market states of the United States and Western Europe (Cold War to today)
- (Nicholas Spykman) mid 20th c. theory that the domination of the coastal fringes of Eurasia (the "rimland") would provide the base for world conquest (not the "heartland").
- confederacy of states of the former Soviet Union; it possesses coordinating powers in the realm of trade, finance, lawmaking, and security; also promotes cooperation on democratization and cross-border crime prevention. Some states are considered to be part of the "near-abroad", referring to states (e.g., Baltic states - Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania) with strong Russian ties linguistically and politically.
- a state whose population possesses a substantial degree of cultural homogeneity and unity (e.g., Japan, Portugal, Venezuela, Armenia, Iceland, ...).
5 True/False questions
-Superimposed → placed by powerful outsiders on a developed landscape, usually ignores pre-existing cultural-spatial patterns (e.g., Indonesia/Papua New Guinea; Haiti/Dominican Republic)
Below the state boundary → nation that transcends the borders of two or more states (e.g., Kurds (Kurdistan), The Koreas,...).
New World Order → commonly refers to the post-Cold War era vision in which world affairs would not be dominated by the competition between the two nuclear superpowers; a positive and hopeful vision for the future.
-Definition → focus on legal language (e.g. median line of a river: water levels may vary)
-Perforated → territory completely surrounds that of another state (e.g., Italy, Azerbaijan,...)