Sub-Saharan Africa Test Review
Terms in this set (60)
Sao Tome and Principe are two of the many ________ along Equatorial Africa's west coast.
Which human-made lake that was created by damming a river and flooding some 700 villages?
The frequent armed conflicts in Equatorial Africa and neighboring countries tend to be primarily _______.
Political or ethnic
Most people in East Africa live in what area?
fertile land near water
Which action has the East African government taken to benefit both the environment and economy?
Because of the significant ethnic diversity of Equatorial Africa, what major trend has started?
The two dominant religions in East Africa are _____________ & ____________.
christianity and islam
To reduce the serious problem of indoor air pollution, a variety of organizations are working to provide cleaner-burning or solar-powered _______________________.
In what country is it projected that the population will increase tenfold between 1950 and 2050?
The ________ areas of East Africa are most at risk for desertification.
What directly relates an economic development issue with an environmental issue?
Which type of biome is characterized by tropical grassland with scattered trees and alternates between rainy and dry seasons?
The term abundant most closely means __________________________.
existing or available in large quantities (plentiful)
What word or phrase best paraphrases the definition of the term carrying capacity?
space/accommodation/recommended population limit
What has been the impact of the international agreement to ban ivory trade worldwide?
Which environmental issue has been most directly addressed by East African governments?
At the Berlin Conference in 1884 and 1885, what took place?
they split up africa to be given to different european powers
The Congo River system is a natural highway that is ________, meaning it can traveled by boat.
Using planting pits to reclaim severely dry land is an example of applying ________ agricultural practices to reclaim severely dry land.
What geographical factor(s) led to both Christianity and Islam becoming the two most prominent faiths within East Africa today?
borders the red sea and the indian ocean, which is close to europe and the arabian peninsula
Its location on and near the Equator give the region its name, but Equatorial Africa is also called
central africa or the heart of africa
The expert ________ weavers of Ghana are known for kente, a brightly colored cloth consisting of bands of fabric sewn together.
The rapid growth of many cities in West Africa has placed a burden on existing ________, such as telephone and transportation systems.
Violent political conflicts in West Africa have frequently been financed by the unlawful sale of weapons or the illegal sale of __________________.
Economic, social, and environmental issues in East Africa are often related or unrelated?
The ongoing border disputes between Sudan and South Sudan are over who owns what key feature/resource?
Why is English widely spoken in Nigeria and the official language?
part of the legacy of colonial rule was the introduction of european languages
The largest, poorest, and perhaps most ethnically diverse and environmentally challenged country in Equatorial Africa is what area?
democratic republic of the congo
Though Equatorial Africa has very little large-scale manufacturing or industrialization that could boost international trade and support local economies, what is this resource?
textiles, paper goods, leather products, and cement
About 3,500 square miles of what resource are lost each year?
Which country is heavily investing in East African trade, natural resources, and infrastructure, fundamentally altering the economy of the sub region?
What has prevented the proper management of East Africa's natural resources?
poverty, hunger. drought, corruption, and strife
Properly managing resources for long term sustainability has been a lower priority in Equatorial Africa than what other major priority?
Equatorial Africa is unusual in that it has what type of diversity?
Deforestation is a problem in West Africa that is caused primarily by logging and _______________.
Habitat loss and poaching are examples of ____________________.
factors of extinction
Which is an example of a way the economy of East Africa is changing?
hydroelectric and wind power/ecotourism/trade
Lake ________, located along the Great Rift Valley, is the second-largest freshwater lake in the world.
The largest sector in East Africa's economy is _____________.
Which generalization is true of East Africa's natural resources?
they have many resources, but the resources are not used to their full advantage
The primary aim of the Global Water Initiative is to _________________________________.
improve access to clean water and sanitation
The slaves' trip from Africa to where they were sold in the Americas was called _________________.
the middle passage
Identify successful actions implemented by some East African governments that have had both environmental and economic benefits. (2)
ecotourism and trade
What characterizes the primary population pattern of people in East Africa?
near fresh water and fertile land
Which geographical factors influenced East Africa's cultural diversity?
its location on the red sea and the indian ocean
In general, literacy rates in West Africa are _________________.
Which human-caused problem is most directly related to exceeding an area's carrying capacity?
overfarming and overpopulation
The Democratic Republic of the Congo is recognized as being possibly the ________ country in the world.
Equatorial Africa's thick forests and tropical climate have encouraged its population to be __________.
least dense / rural
Government ________ is an obstacle to change and economic efficiency in West Africa and has a negative impact on social and economic development, as well as on the environment and resource management.
As part of the early empire of Mali, ________ became an important center of trade and scholarship.
What is the primary way in which e-commerce has improved the lives of craftspeople that make items such as baskets and jewelry?
broadens the market for locally made products
How are escarpments and cataracts related?
they both make up waterfalls - escarpment is the land the water flows on, cataract is the water itself (rivers plunge down escarpments in cataracts)
Which is a factor that has contributed to the lack of proper management of natural resources within East Africa?
poverty, hunger. drought, corruption, and strife
As a whole, the region of Equatorial Africa has the ________population on the continent.
The Congo's first inhabitants, the Mbuti, who were once known as ________, still live in the region today.
West Africa has tropical wet and dry forests, also known as tropical ________ forests, which receive rainfall for several months followed by dry and hot months.
In Nigeria, the Greater Makurdi Water Works project is intended to address the problem of _______________.
water shortages in the state of benue
Internally displaced persons are people who have been relocated __________________.
inside their own country
What was the main impact of European colonial powers in East Africa?
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