52 terms

2007 AP

first 53 questions of the 2007 AP us history test except it skips number 16
A majority of the early English migrants to the Chesapeake Bay area were

A) families with young children
B) indentured servants
C) wealthy gentlemen
D) merchants and craftsmen
E) disfranchised Catholics
Which of the following best describes Deism?

A) A belief that the course of each individual's life is predestined by God
B) A concept of toleration advanced by Quaker preachers
C) The belief that God had created the world but allowed it to operate through the laws of nature
D) A principle taught in colonial New England colleges
E) A radical theory encouraging free love and communal living
France decided to aid the North American colonies in their war for independence primarily because France

A) was working to establish democratic rule in European countries
B) saw the war as an opportunity to end the international slave trade
C) wanted to weaken the British empire
D) was allied with Spain, which had already joined the colonists' cause
In the eighteenth century, British colonists wishing to settle west of the Appalachians were principally motivated by

A) the comparatively small numbers of American Indians in the old Northwest
B) the low price and easy availability of land
C) freedom from the threat of Spanish authorities
D) a desire to escape overcrowded cities along the Atlantic coast
E) promises of tax breaks for those willing to establish frontier settlements
British colonists in North America objected to the Stamp Act primarily because it

A) threatened the free press
B) disrupted trade with the West Indies
C) closed the colonial courts
D) enriched corrupt officials
E) taxed them without their consent
African Americans who fled the violence of the Reconstruction South in 1879 and 1880 to start anew in Kansas were known as

A) exodusters
B) homesteaders
C) scalawags
D) jayhawkers
E) the Colored Farmers' National Alliance
President George Washington's Farewell Address set a course for the nation by

A) endorsing the economic policies of the Federalists
B) discouraging permanent alliances with foreign nations
C) endorsing the two-party system
D) calling for strict term limits for federal officeholders
E) calling for the adoption of universal suffrage
The Supreme Court established which of the following by its ruling in Marbury v. Madison?

A) States have the authority to nullify acts of Congress
B) The Bank of the United States is constitutional under the implied powers clause
C) States may not interfere with interstate commerce
D) The Supreme Court has the authority to determine the constitutionality of congressional acts
E) Government contracts cannot be repealed by popular majority
Support for slavery in the Southern states was based on all of the following reasons EXCEPT:

A) Most White families owned slaves
B) Slaveholders believed that slaves were inferior and required White guardianship
C) Slavery was condoned in the Bible
D) White plantation owners feared abolition would destroy the South's economy
E) Poor White farmers feared the economic competition of four million freed persons
Most of the Irish immigrants who came to the United States following the potato famine of the 1840s settled in

A) urban areas of the North
B) seacoast cities of the South
C) rural sections of the Old Northwest
D) California
E) Appalachia
A distinguishing feature of American society in the early nineteenth century was the

A) increasing readership of newspapers
B) lack of enthusiasm for religious reform
C) embrace of an aristocratic hierarchy
D) creation of original forms of art and architecture
E) dislike of voluntary associations
In the last half of the nineteenth century, the New South advocates supported

A) elimination of convict leasing
B) expansion of southern industry
C) creation of a southern literature critical of the Old South
D) elimination of Jim Crow segregation
E) limitation on West Indian migration to the United States
President Theodore Roosevelt addressed all of the following issues during his presidency EXCEPT

A) unsanitary conditions in the meat-packing industry
B) monopolization and consolidation in the railroad industry
C) railroad freight rates
D) insider trading on the stock market
E) unsafe drug products
City bosses and urban political machines in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries did which of the following?

A) They enabled the urban middle class to participate more effectively in politics
B) They provided some welfare for poor immigrants in exchnage for political support
C) They encouraged racial integration of residential neighborhoods
D) They discouraged railroad and highway construction to prevent people from moving out of urban areas
E) They promoted prohibition and the abolition of prostitution
The United States devised the Open Door policy in 1899 in order to

A) establish a United States colony in China
B) encourage the Chines to adopt Western culture
C) protect United States economic interests in China
D) prevent European nations from establishing a presence in Chinese territory
E) assure the right of the United States to intervene in China whenever necessary
The Palmer raids of 1919 to 1920 were most closely related to the

A) fear of communism and radicalism
B) formations of the American Federation of Labor
C) enforcement of prohibition
D) rise of racial unrest in the Midwest
E) enforcement of child labor laws
A significant demographic development in the two decades following the Second World War was a

A) decline in marriage and birth rates
B) rapid growth of suburbs
C) movement from urban to rural communities
D) great migration from the South and West to the Northeast
E) rapid increase in the average age of Americans
The 1962 book that helped launch the national environmental movement was

A) James Baldwin's "The Fire Next Time"
B) Michael Harrington's "The Other America"
C) Alice Walker's "In Search of Our Mothers' Gardens"
D) Jack Kerouac's "On The Road"
E) Rachel Carson's "Silent Spring"
During 1968 the deep divisions within the American public were demonstrated by all of the following EXCEPT

A) the assassination of Robert F. Kennedy and Martin Luther King, Jr.
B) urban riots in major cities across the country
C) antiwar demonstrations at the Democratic national convention in Chicago
D) the refusal of most Republicans to support Richard Nixon as their presidential candidate
E) the strong showing of George Wallace's American Independent Party in southern states and some northern urban centers
Thomas Paine's pamphlet "Common Sense" attacked which of the following?

A) France for its failure to support the colonial war effort
B) Parliament for its continued opposition to the king of England
C) Politicians who believed a small island could not effectively rule a distant continent
D) The king of England and the principle of monarchy
E) The authors of the Declaration of Independence
Which of the following was true of colonial New England?

A) It consisted of loosely organized communities spread some distance apart
B) Its economy was dependent on large-scale farming and trading
C) Life was centered in clustered villages with farmland surrounding the villages
D) Most people lived in large cities
E) Villages and small towns were tightly organized around an artisan community
The Constitutional Convention of 1787 did all of the following EXCEPT

A) create a government that would be satisfactory to both slave and free states
B) create a government that would by satisfactory to both large and small states
C) create a strong central government that would not threaten the sovereignty of the states
D) establish a balance of power between the three branches of the national government
E) determine provisions to be included in the Bill of Rights
After the French and Indian war, British political leaders were determined to

A) require the North American colonies to pay a greater share of the empire's administrative expenses
B) end slavery in the North American colonies
C) encourage colonial expansion into the Ohio Valley by moving all American Indian peoples further west
D) strengthen the French colonial holdings in Canada and the northwest to discourage Spanish expansion
E) convert all Catholic colonists to the beliefs of the Anglican Church
The concept of republican motherhood includes the idea that women should

A) have the right to vote
B) hold public office
C) be educated to raise their children to be good citizens
D) be encouraged to seek employment
E) have as many children as possible
The Missouri Compromise was a victory for antislavery advocates because it

A) provided for the gradual emancipation slaves in Missouri
B) excluded slavery from all territory north of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi River
C) prohibited slavery from future territorial acquisitions
D) condemned the fugitive slave law
E) closed most of the Louisiana Purchase to slavery
During the first half of the nineteenth century, the central and western areas of New York were known as the "burned-over district" because

A) of intense religious zeal created during the Second Great Awakening
B) terrible fires had followed the clear-cut logging by pioneers in that party of the state
C) the area had not recovered from the devastation of the War of 1812
D) American Indian settlements had been completely destroyed as settlers moved in and took over the land
E) the region's economy had never revived after the hardships that followed the Whiskey Rebellion
The Monroe Doctrine maintained that

A) all nations and states in the Americas were territories of the United States
B) European powers should not pursue future colonization in the Americas
C) Cuba, Texas, and Puerto Rico were protectorates of the United States
D) Haiti would be established as a colony to be settled by formerly enslaved people from the United states
E) the United States Congress could overrule the president's foreign policy initiatives in Latin America
The Southern economy before the Civil War increasingly

A) diversified, with more industry and more mechanized agriculture
B) produced more cotton and other crops but did not develop much industry
C) depended on immigrant labor
D) produced tobacco and sugar rather than cotton
E) depended on the North for raw materials
The Republican Party of the 1850s took which of the following positions on slavery

A) Residents of territories could decide on the basis of popular sovereignty whether to have slavery
B) Slavery could remain where it existed but should not be extended into territories or new states
C) The federal government should abolish slavery
D) The federal government should purchase slaves from their masters and relocated them to the west coast of Africa
E) Slavery was a state issue, and the federal government should play no role in its regulation
Thomas Jefferson believed all of the following EXCEPT:

A) A strong national army is essential to keep order in the United States
B) The farmer is the backbone of American society
C) The government is best that governs least
D) The president should practice republican simplicity
E) Freedom of speech is essential in a republic
According to historian Frederick Jackson Turner, a key factor in the development of American individualism and democracy was

A) Puritan theology
B) transcendentalism
C) the American Revolution
D) the Civil War
E) the frontier
"Money is power, and you ought to be reasonably ambitious to have it. You ought because you can do more good with it than you could without it. Money printed your Bible, money builds your churches. . . The man who gets the largest salary can do the most good with the power that is furnished to him. Of course he can say if his spirit be right to use it for what it is given to him. I say, then, you ought to have money."
The quotation above is an example of

A) transcendentalism
B) existentialism
C) the Gospel of Wealth
D) the Social Gospel
E) Reform Darwinism
Jacob Riis's principal involvement in the reform movements of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries was his effort to

A) bar obscene materials from the United States mail system
B) organize the transfer of urban orphans to homes in rural areas
C) publicize poor housing and sanitation in urban tenements
D) establish special homes for juvenile delinquents
E) pass federal laws to end prostitution
During Reconstruction, a major economic development in the South was the

A) creation of large commercial and banking centers
B) spread of sharecropping
C) rise of large-scale commercial farming
D) decline of the textile industry
E) emergence of the cotton economy
A key goal of the Progressive movement was to

A) replace capitalism with socialism
B) transform the United states into an agrarian republic
C) Use government power to regulate industrial production and labor conditions
D) eliminate class differences in the United States
E) bring about racial integration in public accommodations
During the Second World War, Japanese Americans were relocated because of

A) the need for skilled workers in specialized industries in Utah and Montana
B) previous laws that had incarcerated German Americans
C) fear of possible subversive activity against the war effort
D) the fact that most Japanese Americans were not citizens
E) the continued efforts by the United States military to stop immigration to California
Which of the following resulted from the Cuban missile crisis?

A) The Soviets were allowed to keep existing missiles in Cuba but could not increase the number of missiles
B) The United States agreed to withdraw from Berlin in exchange for Soviet withdrawal from Cuba
C) The Soviets gained none of their objectives, while the United States emerged victorious
D) The United States succeeded in eliminating all communist influence from the Western Hemisphere
E) The Soviets withdrew their missiles from Cuba in exchange for a promise from the United states not to attack Fidel Castro
The Taft-Hartley Act did which of the following?

A) Established wage and price controls during the Nixon administration
B) Protected American manufacturers from European competition during the Depression
C) Recognized the right of labor unions to establish closed shops
D) Limited the powers of labor unions
E) Created the interstate highway system
Which of the following did the Black Panthers and the Nation of Islam have in common in the late 1960s?

A) They advocated ending segregation in the North rather than the South
B) They sought affiliation with the American Communist Party
C) They emphasized developing a greater sense of Black nationalism and solidarity
D) They advocated nonviolent means to achieve their goals
E) They split off from the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) after the death of Martin Luther King, Jr.
Anne Hutchinson was banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1637 because she

A) violated Puritan laws regarding marriage
B) advocated the inclusion of American Indians in Puritan congregations
C) was a Quaker who sought converts
D) advocated giving women full inheritance
E) challenged the religious beliefs of the colony's leaders
The government of the Articles of Confederation was successful in resolving the problem of how to

A) open British Caribbean ports to American trade
B) enable American citizens to trade through the port of New Orleans
C) overcome state-imposed tariff barriers to interstate commerce
D) provide for statehood for western territories
E) secure sufficient funds for payment of the national debt
Which of the following happened as a result of Bacon's Rebellion in 1676?

A) Governor William Berkeley abolished Virginia's House of Burgesses
B) Virginia passed new laws protecting workers' rights
C) Tensions between backcountry farmers and the tidewater gentry were exposed
D) Indentured servants received additional free land after fulfilling their terms of service
E) The king allowed Virginia colonists to select their own governor
Alexander Hamilton's domestic and foreign policies were directed primarily toward strengthening the federal government by

A) favoring free trade
B) substituting a parliamentary for federal system of government
C) averting United States entanglement in Europe's wars
D) favoring the interests of the propertied and monied classes
E) establishing gold as the sole backing of the United States currency
All of the following contributed to Northern fear of a slave power conspiracy in the 1840s and 1850s EXCEPT the

A) enforcement of a new fugitive slave law
B) decision of the Supreme Court in the Dred Scott case
C) imposition of a gag rule in the House of Representatives
D) proposal of the Ostend Manifesto
E) passage of the Wilmot Proviso
A key purpose of Henry Clay's American System was to

A) expand slavery into new territories to preserve its economic viability
B) improve diplomatic relations with European nations by allowing free immigration
C) develop a national economy by improving transportation
D) create more interest in politics by eliminating voting restrictions
E) remove American Indians to lands west of the Mississippi River to prevent further conflicts
In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, with of the following was the principal public opponent of lynching in the South?

A) Booker T. Washington
B) Theodore Roosevelt
C) Robert M. La Follette
D) Ida B. Wells
E) Susan B. Anthony
Which of the following was true of the 1873 Slaughterhouse Cases and the 1883 Civil Rights cases?

A) They weakened the protections given to African Americans under the Fourteenth Amendment
B) They weakened the protections given to women under the fourteenth amendment
C) They were reversed in Plessy v. Ferguson
D) They were concerned with the constitutionality of the Emancipation Proclamation
E) They were deplored by President Grant
Settlement house workers of the late nineteenth century would most likely have engaged in all of the following EXCEPT

A) establishing day nurseries for working mothers
B) offering literacy and language classes for immigrants
C) publishing reports on deplorable housing conditions
D) teaching classes on cooking and dressmaking
E) organizing women workers into labor unions
"Another marked characteristic of the Anglo-Saxon is what may be called an instinct of genius for colonizing. His unequaled energy, his indomitable perseverance, and his personal independence, made him a pioneer. He excels all others in pushing his way into new countries."

Americans advocating the ideas expressed in the passage above would be most accurately described as

A) transcendentalists
B) Populists
C) Scientific managers
D) Social Darwinists
E) Mugwumps
Which of the following was true of the Dawes Severalty Act of 1887?

A) It created American Indian reservations for the first time
B) It was intended to recognize the contributions of American Indian peoples
C) It eliminated most tribal land ownership in favor of ownership by individuals
D) It led directly to the Battle of Wounded Knee
E) It indicated that the federal government had abandoned the goal of American Indian assimilation
After the Civil War, women reformers and former abolitionists were divided over

A) creation of a sharecropping system in the South
B) legislation that ensured the voting rights of African American males
C) use of military forces to keep order in the South
D) reliance on female workers in Northern factories
E) redemption of greenback dollars for gold currency
An important result of the 1936 presidential campaign was the

A) emergence of a viable third party
B) landslide win by Republicans in the Congress
C) shift of African American voters from the Republican Party to the Democratic Party
D) move of intellectuals to Alf Landon and the Republican ticket
E) decline in support for the New Deal