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What were the main causes of why USA entered WWI?
1) Unrestricted submarine warfare
2) Lusitania sinking
3) Zimmerman's Telegram
What incident was a good example of Germany's "unrestricted submarine warfare" policies?
The sinking of Lusitania
What does Wilson believe will help end the conflict and rebuild a better Europe after the war?
League of Nations; The Fourteen Points
What objectives did the Allies force on Germany in an attempt to keep them weak?
1)War Reparations ($35 billion)
2)Germany limited to 100,000 troops
3)War Guilt clauses
4)Lost German colonies
What new countries were formed by Treaty of Versailles?
3)Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia
5) Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania
What was the Weimar Republic? Why did it fail after World War I?
Germany's government after WWI; Inflation/war reparations
What is Fascism?
Ring Wing political ideology, created because of fear of communism, very pro militaristic, Nationalist, ruled by totalitarian dictactors in police state.
What was the background of Adolf Hitler?
Fuhrer of Nazi Germany, founder of Nazi Party. Born in Austria. Failed to become artist in Vienna. A war veteran in Bavaria. 1919 NSDAP
What was the Beer Hall Putsch?
Hitler attempts to overthrow the government of Munich, Bavaria. He fails and is arrested.
Hitler's Henchmen: Heinrich Himmler
Head of S.S "Black Shirts" waffen; Nickname "Hangman"; Head of GESTAPO
What was the West's policy of Appeasement about?
Hitler could take what he wanted in turn for peace/no war
What was the "Non-Aggression Pact"? What was the "Pact of Steel"?
Pact of Steel: Military alliance with Italy
Non-Aggression Pact: No war (prevented a 2 front war) between germany and soviets
What place does Hitler invade through which leads to the Fall of the West in 1940?
Belgium via Ardennes Forest
What were the Cash and Carry, and Lend-Lease programs?
USA supplying Arms; Lending weapons to everyone
What three major battles were turning points for the Allies in 1942?
1)Battle of Midway (Pacific)
2)El Alamein (N Africa)
3)Stalingrad (Eastern Campaign)
What was Operation Overlord?
was the code name for the Battle of Normandy, the operation that launched the invasion of German-occupied western Europe during World War II by Allied forces
What were some major battles associated with the Italian campaign?
Battle of Kursk, Battle of Monte Casino(for Rome)
What two bombs were dropped on Japan? What famous plane dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima?
1) "Fat Man"
2)"Little Boy" B-29 Enola Gay
What happened to Germany after WWII?
Split up and Occupied
1) USA, Brit, France- western G
2) Soviets- eastern G
Berlin divided( same as above)
What was the Berlin Airlift about?
Soviets blockaded W. Berlin; Western powers did an Airlift to save them
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