The most active area for the absorption of nutrients into the body is the
What structure prevents food from entering the trachea when you swallow?
Which large blood vessel is the first to receive most recently eaten nutrients, transporting them to the liver?
The best way for a calcium-deficient pregnant woman to get the extra calcium she needs is to consume
Low-fat milk and cheese
A disaccharide is formed by the chemical bonding of
Maggie has anorexia nerovsa and regualrly starves herself. She is likely to be in state of
Negative protein blance
The acronym RDA stands for
Recommended Dietary Allowance
Basal metabolism is the energy expended
When resting, but awake, and in a fasting state
What substance helps suspend fat in a watery digestive mixture, making fat more available to digestive enzymes?
Which of the following is true about the way we should eat to achieve good nutritional status?
Eat a wide variety of foods because no single natural food meets all human nutrients needs
Which of the following is not a class of nutrient?
All of the following are true of high quality protein except
It provides 7 kcal/g of energy -It contains all essential amino acids -It can support body maintenance -It can support body growth
For which of the following activities would carbohydrate loading be warranted?
Approximately what percentage of obese children become obese adults?
Xenical is a weight loss drug that works in the digestive system
To block digestion of about one-third of the fat in the food we eat
The new WHO growth standards stress that ____ is the biological norm for infant nutrition
The nutrient that can be considered both a vitamin and a hormone is
During each fedding, human milk changes composition in which of the following ways?
Which of the following describes a fatty acid that has one double bond?
Consumption of non-food items such as laundry starch, ice and dirt is known as
A saturated fatty acid contains
No double bonds
The hormone that triggers "let down" or milk release is
An adverse reaction to a food that does not involve the immune system is
A food intolerance
Which of the following terms describes psychological influences that encourage us to find and eat food
A function of the large intestine is to absorb?
Water and minerals
The process that plants use to make glucose from carbon dioxide and water in the presence of the sun's heat and light is called
Which of the following statements is true?
Most overweight infants become normal weight preschoolers
All of the following describe the characteristics of fat cells except
The number of fat cells decreases when fat is lost from the body -The storage capacity for fat depends on both fat cell number and fat cell size -The number increases when storage capacity has reached its limit -The body's ability to store fat is limitless
Water-soluble and fat-soluble vitamins differ in which way?
Water-soluble vitamins are less likely to be toxic
Infants need fat because it aids in absorption of several vitamins and also helps the ___ to develop
Extra kcalories for pregnancy are needed mostly during which trimester(s)?
2nd and 3rd
Which of the following is true about the lymphatic system?
It is important for transporting fat-soluble nutrients
High-fiber diets are
Not recommended for infants
Which statement about vitamins is true?
Help regulate chemical reactions in the body
The vitamin that prevents beriben is
Cancer is the 2nd most common cause of death in the US, after ____
___ tumors stay in one place
Which of the following is associated with increased cancer risk?
viruses heredity environment smoking BBQed foods
Which of the following are the "Five things you should remember about preventing cancer"?
Eat lots of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains Discover the pleasure of physical activity Stay tobacco free Enjoy a low-fat diet
Diabetes is the __ leading cause of death from disease in the U.S.
Which type of diabetes has the following symptoms: -Caused by autoimmune destruction of pancreatic cells -Can occur at any age -Patients require exogenous insulin (injections or pumps)
Which is not a key hormone produced by the Islets of Langerhans?
Grehrin -Insulin -Glucagon -Somatostatin
Which is not a key effect of Insulin?
Promotes breakdown of tissue fat and protein -Stimulates changes of glucose to fat for storage as body fat -Helps transport glucose into cells -Helps change glucose to glycogen and store it in liver, muscles -Influences burning of glucose for energy
A criteria for diagnosis of diabetes mellitus is
Fasting plasma glucose greater than or equal to 126 mg/dl
Which of the following are an element of a therapy plan for diabetes?