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31 terms

Our Moral Life in Christ - Chapter VIII: The Sixth and Ninth Commandments: You Shall Not Commit Adultery, You Shall Not Covet Your Neighbor's Wife - Vocabulary

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abortifacients
chemical substances or mechanical devices that inhibit a fertilized egg's ability to attach itself to the lining of the uterus, thereby destroying the human zygote
adultery
sexual relations between a married person and one to whom he or she is not married; ________ is opposed to the Sacrament of Matrimony because it contradicts the unity and exclusivity of married love
chastity
the mortal virtue that, under the cardinal virtue of temperance, is directed toward the positive integration of sexuality within a person by moderating the sexual appetite; this virtue leads to a correct understanding of human sexuality when integrated into every relationship; ________ is a gift of God, a grace, and a fruit of the Holy Spirit
complementarity
refers to the compatible and mutually beneficial relationship between man and woman according to the original plan of God
conception (fertilization)
the union of sperm and egg that creates a new life
conjugal act (marital act)
the genital sexual act proper to marriage, an embodiment of the permanent union of the husband and wife
continence
self-restraint of the sexual appetite either by abstinence or moderation; by extension, self-restraint of other appetites
contraception
any of a number of barrier or chemical measures used to prevent pregnancy which would result from sexual intercourse
divorce
a civil dissolution of marriage; a civil _______ does not dissolve a valid marriage before God; thus, an attempted remarriage would be adultery; in addition, _______ introduces disorder into the family and into society; it brings grave harm to the spouses and the children
embryo
refers to an unborn child in the first several weeks of life
eroticism
the use if sexually arousing imagery in literature or art; a tendency to become sexually aroused, usually by some stimulus
fetus
an unborn child
fornication
pre-marital intercourse and other sexual acts
hedonism
the theory of ethics in which pleasure is regarded as the chief good and end of every action
Humanæ Vitæ
Pope Paul VI's 1968 encyclical that reaffirmed and beautifully explained the Catholic Church's condemnation of contraception
indissolubility
the quality of an entity such that it cannot be divide into its elements; this quality of the Sacrament of Matrimony means the union of marriage cannot be broken except by the death of a spouse
in vitro fertilization
morally objectionable fertility technique of fertilizing a woman's egg with a man's sperm in the laboratory and then implanting the fertilized egg into a woman's uterus
in vivo fertilization
the quality of an entity that it cannot be divide into its elements; this quality of a sacramental and consummated marriage means the union of marriage cannot be broken except by the death of a spouse
lust
sensuous appetite or desire; usually sexual in nature; this lawless and passionate desire of or for some object leads to sin; this is one of the seven capital sins
masturbation
the deliberate stimulation of the genital organs in order to derive sexual pleasure
matrimony
the Sacrament by which a man and a woman, in accordance with God's design from the beginning, are joined in an intimate union of life and love, "so they are no longer two but one" (Mt 19:6); this union is ordered to the mutual benefit of the spouses and the procreation and education of children
modesty
moderation, freedom form exaggeration, and self-control; this most often refers ti propriety of behavior, chastity in thought and speech, and avoidance of clothing that is revealing or otherwise excites the senses or may lead others to sin
Natural Family Planning
any of several Church-approved methods by which a couple may regulate conception by studying the signs of the woman's cycle of fertility
polygamy
attempted marriage between more than two people (one man and one woman) at the same time; ________ refers to a man attempting marriage with more than one wife; polyandry refers to a woman attempting marriage with more than one husband; this a sin against the unity of marriage and forbidden by the Sixth Commandment
pornography
an offense against the virtue of chastity and the Sacrament of Matrimony; the expression or suggestion of obscene or unchaste subjects in literature or art; this consists in a removal of sexual acts from the intimacy of a married couple, in order to display them to third parties
procreative
one of the purposes of marriage and the marital act: indicates an openness to producing children
puritanical
a perspective that considers all sexual passions ans attractions to be sinful and attributes them to Original Sin
sexuality
the possession of sexual powers and capability of sexual feeling; this includes every aspect of the whole person: physical, psychological, intellectual, emotional, and moral
Theology of the Body
a body of teaching by Pope John Paul II on the dignity of the human person and the complementary of men and women
unitive
one of the purposes of marriage and the marital act, it refers to the loving sacramental bond between husband and wife and mirrors the unity of Christ and his Church; the quality or condition of being one in number; this can be said of many things, including God, of Christ and his Church, and a man and woman in matrimony
zygote
a newly fertilized egg before its implantation in the uterus