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Music Appreciation 100
What is Music?
Music is authentic or implied sound/silence that is interpreted by a listener as purposefully organized based on cultural, academic, and archetypal standards
What is pitch?
fundamental frequency of a sound
What is melody?
It's how the song goes, a series of pitches that make up a recognizable line
What is Harmony?
The concurrent use of multiple pitches to create chords that support the melody. If a melody is horizontal, harmony is vertical
A B C D E F G
In the same way a melody is horizontal, a series of vertical chords string together to create an overall horizontal complement to a melody
What is Rhythm?
The flow of music through time
Has a discernible frequency to our ears
Melodic-based instruments (e.g. piano, violin, guitar, etc.)
Many percussive sounds (e.g. bass drum, snare drum, etc.)
What is Tempo?
It refers to an overall feeling of a musical idea or section. If you are hearing drastic tempo changes every second or so, you are probably hearing rhythm.
40 - 52 beats per minute
48 - 60 beats per minute
56 - 68 beats per minute
64 - 96 beats per minute
84 - 112 beats per minute
100 - 124 beats per minute
120 - 168 beats per minute
156 - 200 beats per minute
192 - 208+ beats per minute
The distinctive property of a complex sound (a voice or noise or musical sound). It is best to think of it as an abstract representation, using adjectives to describe the color of sound you hear.
Violin, Viola, Cello, Bass, Harp
Flute, Clarinet, Saxophone, Oboe, Bassoon
Trumpet, Horn, Trombone, Euphonium, Tuba
Snare Drum, Timpani, Bells, Cymbal, Bass Drum, Trap Set, Gong/Tam-Tam
Piano, Marimba, Xylophone, Glockenspiel, Organ
Any instrument that produces sound through the instrument itself vibrating
Any instrument that produces sound by the vibrations of a membrane
Any instrument that creates sound through vibration of a stretched string
Any instrument that creates sound based on the vibration of air, without the use of strings or membranes
Involves instruments that primarily utilize electricity in sound production
Using any part of ther body as an instrument; clapping, snapping