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History II: Exam III

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Which is the correct trio of Axis Powers in World War II?
Germany, Japan, Italy
FDR's "lend-lease" program allowed:
Britain to borrow military equipment from the United States
Japan's need to colonize includes all of the following except:
needed to become more westernized
Which of the following areas was most insulated from the fighting in World War II?
North America
Which statement about American support for World War II is true?
The support for the war unified Americans across regional, national, and class divisions.
Italian-American scientist Enrico Fermi led the project that:
developed the atomic bomb for the United States
The Manhattan Project was the code name for:
the project to develop the atomic bomb
FDR's issuance of Executive Order 8802:
banned racial discrimination in employment for defense industries
Who replaced Henry Wallace as FDR's running mate in 1944?
Harry Truman
After the fall of Mussolini:
bitter fighting for the control of Italy took place between the Allies and Germany
"Operation OVERLORD" was the code name for the:
D-Day invasion
The purpose of the D-Day invasion was to:
liberate France from German control
______ had the highest number of total dead in World War II.
The Soviet Union
Which statement about the Holocaust is NOT true?
Jews and Poles were the only people killed in Nazi death camps.
One of the main reasons behind Harry Truman's decision to drop the atomic bomb was:
American officials believed the Japanese would fight up to the point of annihilation.
Japan surrendered to the United States:
after the United States dropped a second atomic bomb
Civil rights reforms enacted by the Truman administration included:
desegregation of the armed forces
The G.I. Bill was geared at helping veterans in the areas of:
housing and education
The courageous athlete who broke the "color line" in major league baseball was:
Jackie Robinson
In what year was the number of births per 1000 women highest?
1958
The period 1946-1950 began a 40-year era of:
rivalry with communism and the Soviet Union
The main purpose of the Truman Doctrine was to:
use U.S. economic power to help free nations resist subversion or aggression
A major effect of the Marshall Plan was:
a strengthening of the economic relationship between the United States and western Europe
Due to fear of Soviet expansionism, the U.S. policy in Japan:
encouraged Japanese loyalty by nurturing its economic recovery
The United States and other Western nations responded to the Berlin blockade by:
airlifting supplies into the isolated city
Truman's six prong defense strategy included all of the following except:
the Interstate Highway and Defense Act
Which organization was not created in the period 1946-1950?
The League of Nations
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization:
solidified ties between the United States and its western European allies
In the period 1946-1954, fears of communism were fueld by all of the following EXCEPT:
the Soviet installation of nuclear weapons in Cuba
Which statement about the role of possible atomic war in the 1950s is NOT true?
The United States-U.S.S.R. rivalry did not threaten the safety of western Europe
The content of National Security Council Paper 68 argued that:
military solutions should be encouraged to contain communism
Long-range effects of NSC-68 included all of the following EXCEPT:
it provided American leaders with a better understanding of local nationalist movements
MAD stands for
Mutually Assured Destruction
All of the following statements about the Second Red Scare are true EXCEPT:
Democrats used the scare to discredit Dwight Eisenhower's political coalition
Loyalty boards were originally created and initiated by:
the Truman administration
The loyalty program:
resulted in the firings and resignations of many innocent Americans
One of the most provocative activities of the House Committee on Un-American Activities was to investigate alleged communism in:
the film industry
The Hollywood Ten:
refused to discuss their politics, citing the protections of free speech
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
were convicted and electrocuted for passing atomic secrets to the Soviet Union
Situation-comedy television shows of the 1950s portrayed American families as:
white, polite, and happy
One trend in governmental spending during the 1950s was:
a significant increase in defense spending
Eisenhower's greatest initiative was the
Interstate Highway and Defense Act
Effects of the Soviet Union's launching of Sputnik included all of the following EXCEPT:
many Americans believed that Sputnik's inferior quality revealed American superiority
In 1956, the Soviet Union used military force to suppress an uprising in:
Hungary
In Brown v. Board of Education, the Supreme Court ruled that:
segregation in public schools was unconstitutional
In Little Rock, Arkansas, in 1957:
federal troops ensured the safety of black students from angry white mobs
The young, charismatic leader of the successful Montgomery bus strike was:
Martin Luther King, Jr.
Methods used by blacks in winning the Montgomery bus strike included:
the use of car pools despite police harassment
Martin Luther King, Jr. was the founder of the:
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
All of the following are true regarding Brown v Board in 1954 except
it affirmed separate but equal