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41 terms

Final test

Mrs. Bassett class
STUDY
PLAY
In every society from the hunting to the gathering society to the post industrial society, what has been the common basis for social stratification?
Gender
The division of large numbers of people into layers according to their relative power, property, and prestige is referred to as.
Social Stratification
What is the basis of India's caste system?
Religion
A form of the caste system that, until recently, was legal in South Africa was called?
Apartheid
What characteristic is most associated with the class system?
Movement up and down the social ladder (social mobility)
The ability to control others, even over their objections, is referred to as.
Power
In both England and the United States, What percentage of the population is occupied by the elite upper class?
1%
What are the three variables Max Weber identified as defining social class?
Wealth, Power, Prestige
Base on Marxist orientation of conflict sociologists, how many distinct social classes exist?
(2) those who own the means of production and those who do not.
When used by sociologists, the term " wealth" refers to?
The total value of everything someone owns, minus the debts.
The most likely segment of the population in the United States to experience poverty today are?
Children
What region of the United States has the highest clustering of people in poverty?
South
Jeanann and her two children are on welfare. Research indicates that it is likely that jeanann and her children will be in poverty for?
1 year or less
Which industrialized nation has the highest rate of child poverty?
U.S.
There was a much publicized myth of the late 1800's that centered around the rags-to- riches exploits of fictional boy heroes. These myths were perpetuated by their author.
Haratio Alger
What statement: best describes how most sociologists believe that gender differences in behavior between men and women develop?
Social Factors
Based on the accident that led to the sex change of a seven-month identical twin and the Vietnam veterans' study, which statement is most accurate regarding the effects of nature and nurture on behavior?
The two working together
What conclusion did George Murdock make following his study of 324 pre-modern societies?
Sex typed
What classification do sociologists apply to women that describes their inability to gain equal access to power, property and prestige.
Minority groups
In Pakistan, Jordan, and Kurdistan a woman who has brought disgrace to her family is killed by a male relative, usually the brother or husband. What is this practice called?
Honor Killings
Foot biding was practice in china. The logic behind this practice was:
Status Symbol, husband does not need his wife to work
Why do sociologists classify females as a minority group?
because physical or cultural characteristics
Which phrase best describes Miss Rivers' lodge?
study of what happens when syphilis in man goes untreated
The massacre of native Americans in the 1800s, the extermination of the Jews in Nazi Germany, and the slaughter of the Tutsis in Rwanda are all examples of
Genocide
Which statement is most accurate regarding the meaning of race?
Race varies,depending upon the society in which its meaning is contructed.
Ashley Montagu, a physical anthropologist, classified humans into.
40 different racial groups
As describe in the text, what are two myths of race
First, the idea that any race is superior to others. Second, that pure races exist.
what two words refer to to cultural characteristics
ethnicity and ethnic
What are two ways a group becomes a minority?
the expansion of political boundry and migration
the attempt to trace a family line is an example of.
ethnic work
what does it mean when sociologists say age is sociology constructed?
attitudes toward the aged are rooted in society and, therefore, differ from one social group to another.
the highest percentage of elderly people are found in?
Industrialized countries
what three factors account for the long life expectancy of the abkhasians?
diet, physical activity, sense of community
what term refers to the maximum length of life of a species?
life span
citizens of which country have the longest life expectancy?
japan
what is the prejudice, discrimination, and hostility directed, and hostility directed against people because of their age?
ageism
How do theorists view the relationship between industrialization and the social value of the elderly in the United States?
decrease with industrialization
what is the significance of developing surplus and trade?
to foster inequality
what is the global village?
the linking of the worlds nations by fast communications, transportation and trade.
what is the eagerness to show wealth by the purchase and visible ownership of goods?
conspicuous consumption
the plow was to agricultural society as the ( ) was to the industrial society.
steam engine