Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (17)
(1264-1314) A pope and archbishop of Avignon that wanted to stay out of roman family politics and mediate between the french and english king. He's significant because he ordered a widespread suppression of Templars in 1312.
The Knights Templar
In the 11 century was a group of knights in Europe that denoted themselves to warfare, poverty and chastity. They were significant because they protected pilgrimage routes and transported money from Europe to the Holy Land.
Battle of Agincourt
This battle took place in France in 1415. Fourth phase of the Hundred Years' war, King Henry V of England invaded France and achieved victory at Agincourt. It was significant because it ended with the reversal and ousting of the English from the continent for good.
Joan of Arc
1412-1431 She was a messenger of God. She had a successful battle at Orle'ans and got wounded. She promised to take Paris but failed. She was captured and burned at the stake. She is significant because she helped the French win the Hundred Years War.
King of England in 1312-1337 that transformed the Kingdom into one of the most formable military powers in Europe. He is significant because he declared himself heir to the French throne which started the Hundred Year war.
Giotto De Bondone
1266-1337 Florentine artist who was represented naturalistic sculptures in his painting. He experimented with illusions of depth, diversionality, illusional space, and human emotion. He is significant because he fused together earthly forms with religious meaning and brought together natural and divine realms.
Started in Spain in 1478 by Ferdinand and Isabella to help persecute the Jews on behalf of the crown. The inquisitors imposed harsh sentences, expelling and burning most. They were significant because it contributed to the abuse of power of the King and Queen.
Later to become Henry IV, emperor of Germany and Italy, powerful ruler who began his reign by commanding important resources of church and state. He was involved in the Investiture Conflict. He was significant because he even though he wanted to lead church and state Pop Gregory VII felt the duty of the Pope was lead church and emperor to lead state (creation of the idea of separation of church and state).
Prince Henry the Navigator
1394-1460 Portuguese explorer personally financed many voyages and revenues from a noble crusading order. He is significant because he compiled better tide calendars and books with King John II for sailing directions for pilots that allowed sailors to go farther into the oceans and reduced the dangers of sea travel.
Vasco de Gama
A sailor in 1588 who led a Portuguese fleet around Cape of Good Hope at the tip of Africa, reached as far as Calicut, India which was the center of spice trade. He is significant because he brought back porcelain to Portugal and jump started the making of porcelain in Portugal.
1451-1506 A Portuguese explorer who dreamed of finding a new route to the East's gold and spices. He is significant because he found the "New World" when he was on his venture in search of gold and spices, he was sailing the Atlantic for a new route to Asia.
1400-1470 German goldsmith who developed printing with movable type. He's significant because his invention led to the printing press which mass produced documents such as the bible and other literature.
1483-1546 He was a German who believed sinners were saved only through faith and that faith was a gift given freely from God and no amount of good works could produce faith on which salvation depended. He is significant because he started the Protestant Revolution which became a international movement.
1509-1564 Born in France he like MArtin Luther questioned the way things were done in the Catholic Church. In Geneva, after fleeing France he influenced them to renounce their allegiance to the Catholic bishop and turn to Calvinism. He is significant because under his leadership and the elders of the Reformed Church, Geneva became a theocratic city-state.
1485-1540 A loyal servant and chancellor from Rome that was chosen by Henry. He had English Parliament pass a number of acts that severed ties between the English church and Rome. He was significant because he established the principle of royal supremacy in religious affairs.
Council of Trent
A council held in Trent in 1545 and 1563 where they came to the agreement that they would condemn central doctrines of Protestantism, that salvation depended on good works and faith, and the Vulgate was the only authoritative version of the bible, they rejected divorce, and reaffirmed indulgences. This was significant because this meeting marked the end of the attempts to reconcile the Protestants and Catholics, the schism was permanent.
1519-1556 The Holy Roman Emperor who bribed electors to get his position. he was the most powerful ruler in the 16th century. He was significant because he could have put an end to Martin Luther's revolution but because of his bribery he was unable to go against his electors.
You might also like...
History Chapter 8
Press- World History Chapter 7
Unit 2 - Age of Absolutism & The Enlightenment - S…
World Civ. Test Chapter 14