the steady state physiological condition of the body
encodes and transmits info to CNS
secreted by kidneys - stimulates RBC production in bone marrow
promotes Ca+ excretion, Ca+ bone deposits
gastrointestinal hormone - secrete in response to food intake, facilitates digestion, absorption
ehances carrier-mediated diffusion by transporter recruitment
satiety sensation - released in response to nutrients in the small intestine
boost appetite - hormone of stomache cells
trigger release of prostaglandins - act on hypothalamus - raise temp
inhibits prostaglandins synthesis
thyroxine and adrenaline
increase heat production
glucostatic hypothesis of ingestion control
decrease in cell level glucose raises hunger
Beta cells secrete
alpha cells secrete
low blood glucose
inhibition of insulin secretion
islets of langerhans
an important growth promoting factor
blood levels of AA rise
increased secretion of both glucagon and insulin
adrenaline has a trophic effect on
glycogenolysis by liver, skeletal muscles break down of fats
tractus solitarius, vagal nuclei
hypothalamus cells reacting to decrease glucose
GIP stimulated by presence of meal in digestive tract
causes release of insulin
substances that induce growth, differentiation and/or alteration in metabolic activity of cells
increased size of cells
increase cell numbers
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