Plants - SGES 4th

Plant and flowers flashcards
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embryo
The tiny part of the seed that can grow into a new plant.
The right amount of water, the proper temperature, AND enough air
What 3 things does a seed need to begin to grow?
germination
When a seed begins to grow or sprout
leaves
the part of the plant that makes most of the sugars a plant needs
photosynthesis
the way the plant makes sugars using sunlight
reproduction
when plants make other plants like themselves
sepals
the part of the flower that looks like leaves and protects the flower when it is a bud
roots
the roots anchor the plant into the ground and absorb water and nutrients from the soil
stem
this part of the plant transfers the water and nutrients to the different parts of the plant
stamens
the male parts of the flower that contain pollen
pistil
the female part of the flower that is sticky to catch the pollen grains
pollination
moving pollen from the stamen to the pistil
spores
mosses and ferns reproduce by spores
sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water
3 things that are needed in order for photosynthesis to take place
chlorophyll
the green material in leaves that traps energy from the sun
plants that reproduce by seeds and plants that reproduce by spores
Into what 2 groups are plants divided (classified)?
dormant
when plants are dormant, they are not growing because of changes in the environment
oxygen and water
these 2 things are produced during photosynthesis
stigma
the top part of the pistil
anther
the top part of the stamen
ovary
the part of a plant, usually the bottom of the flower, that has the seeds inside and turns into fruit that we eat
ovule
the part of the ovary that becomes the seed
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