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18 terms

AP Art History Test 5 Vocab pt. 2

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International Gothic
style of art, influenced by the rivaling cultures of European nobility, that bridged the Gothic and Renaissance periods of art during the late 14th and up to the mid-15th centuries
Claus Sluter
Dutch sculptor; most important northern European sculptor of his age and considered a pioneer of the "northern realism" of the Early Netherlandish painting
guild
medieval association of craftsmen or merchants, often having considerable power
triptych
picture or relief carving on three panels, typically used as an altarpiece
polyptych
painting, typically an altarpiece, consisting of more than three leaves or panels joined by hinges or folds
atmospheric perspective
technique used by painters for representing three-dimensional space on a flat two-dimensional surface by creating the illusion of depth, or recession within a painting or drawing
grisailles
method of painting in gray monochrome, typically to imitate sculpture
woodcut
print of a type made from a design cut in a block of wood, formerly widely used for illustrations in books
Isabella d'Este
one of the leading women of the Italian Renaissance as a major cultural and political figure
crossing
circular vertical wall supporting a dome
oculus
round or eyelike opening or design
lantern
square, curved, or polygonal structure on the top of a dome or a room, with the sides glazed or open, so as to admit light
rustication
architectural feature that contrasts in texture with the smoothly finished, squared block masonry surfaces
contrapposto
asymmetrical arrangement of the human figure in which the line of the arms and shoulders contrasts with while balancing those of the hips and legs
predella
platform or step on which an altar stands
chiaroscuro
contrasted light and shadow created by light falling unevenly or from a particular direction on something
trompe l'oeil
art technique involving extremely realistic imagery in order to create the optical illusion that the depicted objects appear in three dimensions
di sotto in su
"seen from below"; realistic, optical illusions painted on ceilings