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International Gothic

style of art, influenced by the rivaling cultures of European nobility, that bridged the Gothic and Renaissance periods of art during the late 14th and up to the mid-15th centuries

Claus Sluter

Dutch sculptor; most important northern European sculptor of his age and considered a pioneer of the "northern realism" of the Early Netherlandish painting


medieval association of craftsmen or merchants, often having considerable power


picture or relief carving on three panels, typically used as an altarpiece


painting, typically an altarpiece, consisting of more than three leaves or panels joined by hinges or folds

atmospheric perspective

technique used by painters for representing three-dimensional space on a flat two-dimensional surface by creating the illusion of depth, or recession within a painting or drawing


method of painting in gray monochrome, typically to imitate sculpture


print of a type made from a design cut in a block of wood, formerly widely used for illustrations in books

Isabella d'Este

one of the leading women of the Italian Renaissance as a major cultural and political figure


circular vertical wall supporting a dome


round or eyelike opening or design


square, curved, or polygonal structure on the top of a dome or a room, with the sides glazed or open, so as to admit light


architectural feature that contrasts in texture with the smoothly finished, squared block masonry surfaces


asymmetrical arrangement of the human figure in which the line of the arms and shoulders contrasts with while balancing those of the hips and legs


platform or step on which an altar stands


contrasted light and shadow created by light falling unevenly or from a particular direction on something

trompe l'oeil

art technique involving extremely realistic imagery in order to create the optical illusion that the depicted objects appear in three dimensions

di sotto in su

"seen from below"; realistic, optical illusions painted on ceilings

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