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108 terms

CHEMISTRY 1305

ACS FINAL REVIEW pt.2
STUDY
PLAY
Write the correct formula for the name given:

bisulfate
...
Write the correct formula for the name given:

nitrite
...
Write the correct formula for the name given:

hydroxide
...
Write the correct formula for the name given:

carbonite
...
Write the correct formula for the name given:

oxide
...
Write the correct formula for the name given:

phosphate
...
Write the correct formula for the name given:

nitrate
...
Write the correct formula for the name given:

bisulfite
...
Write the correct formula for the name given:

sulfite
...
Write the correct formula for the name given:

phosphite
...
Write the correct formula for the name given:

carbonate
...
Write the correct formula for the name given:

bicarbonate
...
Write the correct formula for the name given:

sulfate
...
Give the correct VALENCE for ions of the following element:

Ca
2+
Give the correct VALENCE for ions of the following element:

Cl
1-
Give the correct VALENCE for ions of the following element:

O
2-
Give the correct VALENCE for ions of the following element:

Al
3+
Give the correct VALENCE for ions of the following element:

K
1+
What TYPE of BONDING would you expect between these elements?

Na and F

a) Polar Covalent
b) Ionic
b) IONIC
What TYPE of BONDING would you expect between these elements?

N and F

a) Polar Covalent
b) Ionic
a) POLAR COVALENT
What TYPE of BONDING would you expect between these elements?

F and F

a) None
b) Covalent
c) Polar Covalent
b) COVALENT
What TYPE of BONDING would you expect between these elements?

He and F

a) None
b) Covalent
c) Polar Covalent
a) NONE
What TYPE of BONDING would you expect between these elements?

H and F

a) None
b) Covalent
c) Polar Covalent
c) POLAR COVALENT
Match the Chemical Name with the Correct formula:

Magnesium Sulfate
MgSO4
Match the Chemical Name with the Correct formula:

Magnesium Hydrogen Sulfate
Mg(HSO4)2
Match the Chemical Name with the Correct formula:

Magnesium Sulfide
MgS
Match the Chemical Name with the Correct formula:

Magnesium Sulfite
MgSO3
Match the Chemical Name with the Correct formula:

Magnesium Hydrogen Sulfite
Mg(HSO3)2
The primary substances of which all other things are composed are ________.
ELEMENTS are the primary substances of which all other things are composed
Au is the symbol for __________.
Gold
Al is the symbol for __________.
Aluminum
Fe is the symbol for __________.
Iron
Na is the symbol for __________.
Sodium
K is the symbol for __________.
Potassium
Ag is the symbol for __________.
Silver
Ca is the symbol for __________.
Calcium
What elements are in hydroxyapatite, Ca5(PO4)3OH, a major compound in human bones and teeth?
Calcium, Hydrogen, Phosphorus, Oxygen
Which of the following is a characteristic of the modern periodic table?

a) A group is a horizontal row on the periodic table.
b) A period is a column on the periodic table.
c) The elements in each group have similar chemical properties.
d) The B groups contain the representative elements.
e) The A groups contain the transition elements.
c) The elements in each group have similar chemical properties.
Which of the following properties is NOT a characteristic of the Group 1A elements (Alkali Metals)?

a) They are shiny.
b) They are good conductors of heat.
c) They react vigorously with water.
d) Most of them are liquids at room temperature.
e) They are good conductors of electricity.
d) Most of them are liquids at room temperature...... is an inaccurate statement about Group 1A Alkali Metals
The Group 8A elements

a) are unreactive and rarely found in combination with other elements.
b) are good conductors of electricity.
c) melt at high temperatures
d) are liquids at room temperature.
e) react vigorously with water.
The Group 8A elements (a) are unreactive and rarely found in combination with other elements.
Which of the following elements is a Metal?

a) Nitrogen
b) Fluorine
c) Argon
d) Strontium
e) Phosporus
d) Strontium is a Metal
Which of the following is a Characteristic of Non-Metals?

a) Shiny.
b) Malleable.
c) Good Conductors of Heat
d) Low Melting Points.
e) Good Conductors of Electricity
Non-metals have (d) Low Melting Points.
Which of the following elements is a Noble Gas?

a) Oxygen
b) Chlorine
c) Bromine
d) Argon
e) Nitrogen
d) Argon
The smallest particle of an element that retains the characteristics of the element is a(n)
Atom
According to the ATOMIC THEORY, atoms are neither created nor destroyed during a chemical reaction.
TRUE
Which of the following descriptions of a subatomic particle is correct?

a) A proton has a positive charge and a mass of approximately 1 amu.
b) An electron has a negative charge and a mass of approximately 1 amu.
c) A neutron has No Charge and its mass is negligible.
d) A proton has a positive charge and a negligible mass.
e) A neutron has a positive charge and a mass of approximately 1 amu.
a) A proton has a positive charge and a mass of approximately 1 amu.
In an Atom, the nucleus contains ______.
all the protons and neutrons.
The Atomic Number of an atom is equal to the number of
...
The number of neutrons in an atom is equal to __________
Mass Number - Atomic Number
The Mass number of an Atom can be calculated from
the number of Protons plus Neutrons
(Protons + Neutrons)
What is the mass number of an atom of Potassium that has 20 neutrons?
39
Consider a neutral atom with 30 protons and 34 neutrons. The atomic number of the element is ________.
30
Consider a neutral atom with 30 protons and 34 neutrons. The mass number of the element is ________.
64
Consider a neutral atom with 30 protons and 34 neutrons. The number of electrons in this atom is ________.
30
How many protons are in an isotope of sodium with a mass number of 25?
11
Which of the following gives the correct numbers of protons, neutrons, and electrons in a neutral atom of
118 Sn
50

a) 118 protons, 50 neutrons, 118 electrons.
b) 118 protons, 118 neutrons, 50 electrons.
c) 50 protons, 68 neutrons, 50 electrons.
d) 68 protons, 68 neutrons, 50 electrons.
e) 50 protons, 50 neutrons, 50 electrons.
c) 50 protons, 68 neutrons, 50 electrons.
ISOTOPES are atoms of the same element that have ___________.
the same atomic number but different numbers of neutrons.
The correct symbol for the Isotope of potassium with 22 neutrons is

a) 41 K d) 15 P
19 37

b) 19 K e) 22 K
41 19

c) 37 P
15
a) 41 K
19
The Atomic Mass of an element is equal to ___________
The ATOMIC MASS is equal to [a weighted average mass of all of the naturally occurring isotopes of the element].
#124
...
Which of the following is NOT true for the atoms 13N, 14N, and 15N?

a) they all have the Same Mass Number
b) they are Isotopes
c) they all have the Same Atomic Number
d) they all have 7 Protons
e) they all have 7 Electrons
a) they all have the Same Mass is a False statement.
The elements Lithium, Sodium and Potassium
are in the same group
The electron arrangement of any particular atom shows
the number of electrons in each shell.
The maximum number of electrons that may occupy the 3rd electron shell is
18
What is the electron arrangement for Aluminum?
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p1
What is the element with the electron arrangement 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p5
Chlorine (Cl)
What is the electron arrangement for potassium (atomic number 19)?
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s1
What element has the electron arrangement 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p2?
Silicon
The number of electrons in the outer shell of a neutral atom of boron (atomic number 5) is ?
3
Which element would have physical and chemical properties similar to chlorine?

a) Ar
b) Br
c) S
d) O
e) P
[Br]omine
What is the symbol for the element in Period 4 and Group 2?
Ca
What is the correct electron configuration for the Lithium atom?
1s2 2s1
The number of electron shells (not subshells) in a magnesium atom is
3
The element in this list with chemical properties similar to magnesium is

a) sodium
b) boron
c) carbon
d) strontium
e) chlorine
d) Strontium
Identify the Noble Gas in the following list:

a) Helium
b) Nitrogen
c) Oxygen
d) Gold
e) Chlorine
a) Helium
Identify the Metalloid in the following list:

a) Sulfur
b) Fluorine
c) Silver
d) Copper
e) Germanium
e) Germanium
Semi-conductors are located in the Periodic Table on (or in) the [ line dividing the metals from non-metals in the table ]
...
What is the Electronic Structure for Sodium?
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s1
What is the Electronic Structure for Chlorine?
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p5
What is the Electronic Structure for Argon?
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6
What is the Electronic Structure for Sulfur?
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p4
What is the Electronic Structure for Magnesium?
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2
What is the Electronic Structure for Phosporus?
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p3
Do the following represent elements in a Group, a Period, or neither?

Li, Na, K
Group
Do the following represent elements in a Group, a Period, or neither?

Li, C, F
Period
Do the following represent elements in a Group, a Period, or neither?

F, S, P
Neither
Do the following represent elements in a Group, a Period, or neither?

O, S, Se
Group
Do the following represent elements in a Group, a Period, or neither?

He, H, I
Neither
Give the correct number of electrons:

in the outer shell of Nitrogen
5
Give the correct number of electrons:

in the second energy level of Magnesium
8
Give the correct number of electrons:

in the highest occupied energy level of Chlorine
7
Give the correct number of electrons:

in the first energy level of Chlorine
2
Give the correct number of electrons:

in the third shell of sodium
1
Classify the following element:

Sodium
Alkali Metal
Classify the following element:

Argon
Noble Gas
Classify the following element:

Bromine
Halogen
Classify the following element:

Copper
Transition element
Classify the following element:

Magnesium
Alkaline Earth Metal
Classify the following element as Metal or Non-Metal:

Phosporus
Non-Metal
Classify the following element as Metal or Non-Metal:

Chlorine
Non-Metal
Classify the following element as Metal or Non-Metal:

Cobalt
Metal
Classify the following element as Metal or Non-Metal:

Sulfur
Non-Metal
Classify the following element as Metal or Non-Metal:

Nickel
Metal
A mixture at equilibrium that contains less product than reactant has a Keq that is ______.
A mixture at equilibrium that contains less product than reactant has a Keq that is LESS THAN 1.
The number of particles in 1 mole of hydrogen gas is _______.
AVOGADRO'S NUMBER

6.02 x 10^23
The amount of product that a calculation indicates as possible for a chemical reaction is know as the ____________ _______.
THEORETICAL YIELD
The simplest or smallest whole-number ratio of the atoms in a compound formula is known as the
EMPIRICAL FORMULA
The actual formula that gives the number of atoms of each type of element in a compound is the _________ ________.
MOLECULAR FORMULA