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Looking at Movies, Chapter Seven
Terms in this set (18)
Also known as distancing effect. A psychological distance between audience and stage for which, according to German playwright Bertolt Brecht, every aspect of a theatrical production should strive by limiting the audience's identification with characters and events.
An actor who holds a small speaking part.
A soundproofed enclousre somewhat larger than a camera, in which the camera may be mounted to prevent its sounds from reaching the microphone.
A small but significant role often played by a famous actor.
An actor's part that represents a distincitve character type (sometimes a sterotype): society leader, judge, doctor, diplomat, etc.
An approach to acting that emphasizes the interacion of actors, not the individual actor; a group of actors work together continuously in a single shot. Typically experienced in the theater, this is used less in the movies because it requires the provision of rehearsal time that is usually denied to screen actors.
An actor who usually appears in nonspeaking or crowd role and recieves no screen credit.
1. Actors' extemporization -- delivering lines based only loosely on the written script or without the preparation that comes with studying a script before rehearsing it. 2. "Playing through" a moment -- making up lines to keep scenes going when actors forget their written lines stumble on lines, etc.
Also known as main role, featured role, or leading role. A role that is principal agent in helping moe the plot forward. Whether movie stars or newcomers, actors playing these roles appear in many scenes and ordinarily, but not always, recieves screen creid preceding the title.
A naturalistic acting style, loosely adapted from the ideas of Russian director Konstantin Stanislavsky that encourages actors to speak, move, and gesture not in a traditional stage manner, but in the same way they would in their own lives. An ideal techinque for representing convicing human behavior, this is used more frequently on the stage that on the screen.
Also known as the supporting role. A role that helps move the plot foward but that is played by an actor who does not appear in as many scenes as the featured players do.
A phenonmenon, generally associated with hollywood, comprising the actor and the characters played by that actor, an image created by the studio to coincide with the kind of roles associated with the actor, and a reflection of the social and cultural history of the period in which that image was created.
During the classical Hollywood era, an actor's standard seven-year contract, reviewed every six months: if the actor had made progress in being assigned roles and demonstrating box-office appeal, the stuido picked up the option of employ that actor for the next six months and gave that actor a raise; if not, the studio dropped the option and the actor was out of a job.
A filming undertaken by an actor to audition for a particular role..
An actor who looks reasonably like a particular movie star in height, weight, coloring and so on, and who substitutes for that actor during the tedious process of preparing setups or taking light readings.
A system of acting that encourages students to strive for realism, both social and psychological, and to bring their past experiences and emotions to their roles.
The casting of actors because of their looks or "type" rather than for their acting talent or experience.
A role even smaller than a cameo, reserved for a highly recognizable actor or personality.