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Axial Skeleton

The part of the skeleton that includes the skull and spinal column and sternum and ribs

Appendicular Skeleton

The part of the skeleton that includes the pectoral girdle and the pelvic girdle and the upper and lower limbs


Bones make up the internal framework of the body that supports soft tissues


Bones protect the soft body organs


Skeletal muscles, attached to bones by tendons, use the bones as levers to move the body's various parts


Fat is stored int eh internal cavity of the bones. The bones also act as a storage center for minerals.

Blood and Cell Formation

blood cell formation occurs in the marrow cavities of the certain bones

Long Bones

Bones that are longer than they are wide

Short Bones

Bones that are generally cube shaped and contain mostly spongy bone.

Flat Bones

Bones that are usually thin, flattened and curved


The shaft of a long bone


Ends of long bone (contains red marrow).

Yellow Marrow

Marrow composed of stored fats found in many bones

Red Marrow

Functions to form red blood cells, some white blood cells, and platelets; found in cavities of most bones in infants and in the flat bones in adults


Mature bone cells


The developmental process of bone formation


Bone-forming cells


Bone-destroying cells



Facial Bones

Bones that make up the structure of the face

Hyoid Bone

A U-shaped bone at the base of the tongue that supports the tongue muscles

Vertebral Column

Made up of bones called vertebrae or vertebra through which the spinal cord runs


Gaps between a baby's skull that slowly close up during the first 18 months of life


Bone formed from five vertebrae fused together near the base of the spinal column


The flat bone that articulates with the clavicles and the first seven pairs of ribs

True Ribs

Top 7 pairs of ribs that attach directly to the sternum by costal cartilage

False Ribs or Floating Ribs

Last 5 pairs of ribs; attach indirectly to sternum


Hand Bones

Tarsal Bones

Foot Bones


Thigh bone, largest bone in the body


Upper arm bone

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