20 terms

USII.4b: Immigration, Growth of Cities and Challenges

This is a review for VA SOL USII.4b: Immigration, Growth of Cities and Challenges.
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Conditions in Immigrants' homelands were often bad.
Reason for increase in Immigration: Immigrants hoped for better opportunities in America than their homelands.
Desire for religious freedom
Reason for increase in Immigration: Immigrants wanted to practice the religion of their choice.
Escape from Oppressive Government
Reason for increase in Immigration: People wanted a government who gave them freedoms.
Irish
Immigrants escaping a potato famine.
Chinese
These immigrants often worked on railroads on the west coast.
Desire for Adventure
People game to America looking to explore new land and start a new life.
Steel
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Chicago
Meat Packing
San Antonio
Cattle Ranching
A reason cities grew and developed
Immigration to America from other countries
The reason for the rural to urban population shift
Manufacturing jobs in the cities
Rural
Country
Urban
City
Industrialization
The rise of factories and jobs in the city that hired people to mass produce products for industries.
Urbanization
The growth of cities
The rapid growth of cities lead to-
-overcrowded, unsanitary living conditions in immigrant neighborhoods.
Tenements
Poor, overcrowded unsanitary buildings that were often culturally and racially homogenous.
Hull House
A settlement house founded by Jane Addams to help immigrants with school, shelter, food, clothing, etc.
Political machines
Corrupt organizations that made life in the city easier, but asked for favors in return
Boss Tweed
Tammany Hall boss associated with the corruption of political machines.