42 terms

Chapter 16 Flashcards

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old immigrants
this is the term for the 10 million people who came to America from 1800 to 1880; most were Protestants from northwestern Europe
new immigrants
this is the term for the 12 million people who came to America from 1891 to 1910; they made up 60% of America's 12 largest cities; 70% from southern or eastern Europe
poverty or persecution
most immigrants came to the US to escape _____ or _____
economic opportunities
other immigrants came to the US seeking ______ ______
steerage
the poorest accommodations for the oversea journey to the US; below deck on the ship's lower levels near the steering mechanisms; cramped, no privacy, little ventilation
Ellis Island
an island in the New York Harbor where immigrants first set foot on US soil; home of the Statue of Liberty
Angel Island
an island in the San Francisco Bay where immigrants first set foot on US soil
Statue of Liberty
this was a symbol of hope for many immigrants upon their arrival
chinese immigrants
these immigrants faced strict immigration laws:
o Limited entrance to certain skilled groups or to individuals who could show that their parents were born in the United States
Untied Hebrew Relief Associations
a religious organization in Chicago which served Jews and provided economic assistance to needy immigrants in their communities
St. Vincent de Paul Society
a religious organization which served mainly Irish Catholics and provided economic assistance to needy immigrants in their communities
St. George's Episcopal Church
in New York City; provided day care for children, gymnasiums, reading rooms, sewing classes, social clubs, and training courses for new immigrants
Russell Conwell's Baptist Temple
in Philadelphia; provided day care for children, gymnasiums, reading rooms, sewing classes, social clubs, and training courses for new immigrants
benevolent societies
religious and nonreligious aid organizations formed by residents in many cities to help immigrants in cases of sickness, unemployment, and death
Nativists
native-born Americans who say immigration as a threat for social and economic reasons
Denis Kearney
he was leader of workmen's party
Chinese Exclusion Act
this denied citizenship to the Chinese and prohibited Chinese laborers to come over; passed in 1882 by Congress
Immigration Restriction League
this group was founded in 1894; they wanted literacy test on all immigrants
Grover Cleveland
this president was elected 2 nonconsecutive terms
skyscrapers
large, multistory buildings
Otis
he developed the mechanical elevator
Mass Transit
the term for more public transportation; this expanded cities outward
Suburbs
residential neighborhoods outside of cities
Nouveau Riche
term for the "newly rich"; people who make money from new industries
Conspicuous Consumption
the act of people spending money lavishly to show how much they had
Tenements
poorly built apartment buildings where immigrants lived
Settlement Houses
community service centers; they offered educational opportunities, skills training, and cultural events
Jane Addams
she was the leader of the American Settlement house movement
Janie Porter Barrett
she was the founder of 1st African American settlement houses
Social Gospel
this called for people to apply Christian principles to address social problems
Caroline Bartlett
she organized the People's Church in Kalamazoo, Michigan
Compulsory Education Laws
these laws required all children to attend school
John Dewey
he wanted "laboratory school" --> learning by doing
Yellow Journalism
World's and Journals style of sensational reporting
Frederick Law Olmsted
he designed central park
City Beautiful Movement
this movement stressed importance of parks and boulevards in design of cities
Walter Camp
he established the rules of football
James Naismith
he invented basketball in 1891
Edwin Booth
he was a famous actor of Shakespeare plays
Vaudeville
"light play"; variety show with short performances
Ragtime
the new form of music created by African Americans
Scott Joplin
he was the King of Ragtime