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49 terms

Chapter 6

STUDY
PLAY
the Six-Day war in 1967
Israel has controlled all of Jerusalem since...
Jewish citizens of Israel
Palestinians include all but which group?
Islam
Adherents of which religion have controlled the Holy Land for most of the past 1,500 years?
Christianity
The world's largest universalizing religion is...
inanimate objects and natural events have spirits
Animists believe that...
monotheism
The belief in the exsistance of only one god is...
denomination
Lutheran, Baptist, and Methodist are examples of a Christian...
True
Judaism is not a universalizing religion. True/False
Islam
Which is currently the most important religion in the homeland of the man who founded it?
univesalizing
The agricultural calendar is relatively unimportant to which type of religions?
at home
Worshiping in Hinduism is most likely to take place...
2
Christianity has ___ billion adherents.
sending missionaries out to spread the religion
Religion is not reflected in geography through...
the Middle East
Muslims are clustered in...
cosmogony
Beleifs concerning the origin of the universe are...
Hinduism
The world's largest ethnic religion is...
Shiite
The dominant branch of Islam in Iran is...
it was started by one man
Buddhism is not different from Christianity in which way?
how they see the origin of god
The cosmogony of ethnic and universalizing religions do not vary in which way?
Mahayana
Followers of which religious branch do not trace their origin to Abraham?
it has a hierarchical structure
Hinduism is not different from the univesalizing religions in which way?
Chiurches remained open but played a limited role
From the Russian Revolution to the fall of the communist government, what was the policy of the government towards religion?
sect
A relatively small group that has broken away from an established church is a...
Hinduism
Cremation is more important than burial in which religion?
reflect on the balance of life
Especially important in Daoism is to...
1.3
Islam has ___ billion adherents.
Christianity
Which religion did not diffuse via trade networks?
branch
A large and fundemental division within a religion is a...
is not a sanctified place
A mosque differs from a church, because a mosque...
relocation diffusion
Christianity first diffused from its hearth through...
they believe that Mohammed is the last prophet
Islam is not similar to Christianity in which way?
It encourages each congregation to be self-sufficient
What is not a characteristic of a hierarchical religion?
Shintoism
What is not an ethnic Asian religion?
Sunni
The dominant branch of Islam is..
branch
Eatern orthodoxy is an example of a Christian...
its rituals derive from the agricultural cycle in Israel
Judaism is classified as an ethnic rather than a universalizing religion, primarily because..
appeals to people living in a wide variety of locations
A universalizing religion...
Buddhism
Adherents of which religion are also likely to believe in other religions simultaneously?
compassion and teaching
Mahayanists, in contrast to Theravadists, emphasize Buddha's...
False
The Ganges is the most holy river for Muslims. True/False
True
Individual ethnic religions have more concentrated grographic distributions than universalizing religions. True/False
True
Eastern religions do not have congregational worship. True/False
False
Buddhism is the most important religion in India. True/False
True
The largest concentration of Eastern Orthodox Christians is in Eastern Europe. True/False
False
Missionaries play a significant role in ethnic religions but not in univeralizing religions. True/False
True
Islam is a less hierarchical religion than Christianity. True/False
True
Many Baha'i churches that have been built in the letter part of the 20th century are dramatic in order to attract members. True/False
True
Jerusalem is important to Judaism, Christianity, and Islam because all three have holy sites in the city. True/False
False
Jerusalem is a holy city to all three major universalizing religions.