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67 terms

CLINICAL PROCEDURES Test 1

STUDY
PLAY
APNEA
absence or cessation of breathing
ARRHYTHMIA
an abnormality or irregularity in the heart rhythm
BOUNDING
a term used to describe a pulse that feels full because of increased power of cardiac contraction or as a result of increased blood volume
BRADYCARDIA
a slow heartbeat
a pulse below 60 bpm
BRADYPNEA
respirations that are regular in rhythm but slower than normal in rate
COPD
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
COPD
a progressive, irreversible lung condition that results in diminished lung capacity
DYSPNEA
difficult or painful breathing
ESSENTIAL HYPERTENSION
elevated blood pressure of unknown cause that develops for no apparent reason
sometimes called primary hypertension
FEBRIL
pertaining to an elevated body temperature
HOMEOSTASIS
internal adaptation & change in response to enbironmental factors
multiple functions that attempt to keep the body's functions in balance
HYPERPNEA
an increase in the depth of breathing
HYPERTENSION
high blood pressure
HYPERVENTILATION
abnormally prolonged & deep breathing, usually associated with acute anxiety or emotional tension
HYPOTENSION
blood pressure that is below normal
systolic pressure below 90 mm Hg & diastolic pressure below 50 mm Hg
INTERMITTENT PULSE
a pulse in which beats occasionally are skipped
ORTHOPNEA
a condition in which an individual must sit or stand to breath comfortably
PYREXIA
a febrile condition or fever
RALES
abnormal or crackling breath sounds during inspiration
RHONCHI
abnormal rumbling sounds on expiration, which indicate airway obstruction by thick secretions or spasms
SECONDARY HYPERTENSION
an elevated blood pressure resulting from another condition, typically kidney disease
SINUS ARRHYTHMIA
an irregular heartbeat that originates in the sinoatrial node (pacemaker)
SYNCOPE
fainting
a breif laps in consciousness
TACHYCARDIA
a rapid but regular heart rate
one that exceeds 100 bpm
TACHYPNEA
a condition marked by rapid, shallow respirations
THREADY
a term that describes a pulse that is scarcely perceptible
WHEEZING
a high-pitched sound heard on expiration
it indicates obstruction or narrowing of respiratory passages
ANTIBODIES
immunoglobulins produced by the immune system in response to bacteria, viruses, or other anti
ANTIGEN
a foreign substance that causes the production of a specific antibody
ANTISEPTICS
substances that inhibit the growth of microorganisms on living tissue
AUTOIMMUNE
pertaining to a disturbance in the immune system in which the body reacts against its own tissue. Examples of autoimmune disorders include multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, & systemic lupus erythematosus
CANDIDIASIS
An infection caused by a yeast that typically affects the vaginal mucosa & skin
CONTAMINATED
Soiled with pathogens or infectious material; nonsterile
DISINFECTANT
A liquid chemical that is capable of eliminating many of all pathogens but is not effective against bacterial spores
PALLIATIVE
A substance that relieves or alleviates the symptoms of a disease without curing the disease
PATHOGENIC
Pertaining to a disease-causing microorganism; a bacterium, virus, or other microorganism that can cause disease
RELAPSE
the recurrence of the symptoms of a disease after apparent recovery
REMISSION
The partial or completer disappearance of the clinical & subjective characteristics of a chronic or malignant disease
SPORES
A thick-walled, dormant form of bacteria that is very resistant to disinfection measures
STERILE
Free of all microorganisms, pathogenic and nonpathogenic
VECTORS
Animal or insects that transmit the causative organisms of disease
NOSOCOMIAL INFECTION
is a hospital-acquired infection
originating or taking place in a hospital, acquired in a hospital, especially in reference to an infection
STERILIZATION
Is the destruction of all microorganisms
DISINFECTION
Process of killing pathogenic organisms or making them inactive
SANITIZATION
Cleaning of contaminated articles or surfaces to reduce the number of microorganisms to a safe level as dictated in public health guidelines
ASEPSIS
Is the state of being free from disease causing contaminates
or preventing contact from microorganisms
is the freedom from infection or infectious material
INFLAMMATORY RESPONSE
a tissue reaction to injury or an antigen that may include pain, swelling, itching, redness, heat, and loss of function
MEDICAL ASEPSIS
Is the destruction of organisms after they leave the body, to prevent reinfection & cross infection
SURGICAL ASEPSIS
Is the complete destruction of organisms on instruments or equipment, that will enter the patients body
Acute infection
has a rapid onset of symptoms but lasts a relatively short time (the common cold)
Chronic infection
an infection that persists for a long period, sometimes for life (hepatitis B)
Latent infection
is a persistent infection in which the symptoms cycle through periods of relapse and remission (cold sores, herpes)
Opportunistic infection
are caused by organisms that are nit typically pathogenic but that occur in hosts with an impaired immune system (pneumonia, oral Candidiasis)
DISEASE
any sustained, harmful alteration of the normal structure, function, or metabolism of an organism or cell
RESISTANCE
occurs when an antibiotic is used inappropriately to treat an infection, resulting in a change or mutation of the pathogenic organism that in some way reduces or eliminates the effectiveness of the drug
PPE
specialized clothing or equipment that prevents the healthcare worker from coming in contact with blood or other potentially infectious material, thereby preventing or minimizing the entry of infectious material into the body
CONTINUOUS FEVER
rises & falls only slightly during a 24-hour-period
the temp consistently remains above the patient's average normal temp range & fluctuates less than 3 degrees
INTERMITTENT FEVER
comes & goes, alternating between elevated & normal levels
REMITTENT FEVER
fluctuates considerably (more than 3 degrees) & never returns to the normal range
RESPIRATION
to provide for the exchange of oxygen & carbon dioxide among the atmosphere, the blood, & the body cells
SYSTOLIC
heart contraction
the highest pressure level
DIASTOLIC
heart relaxation
the lowest pressure level
RESPIRATION
one complete inspiration & expiration
VESSEL ELASITICITY
an artery's ability to expand & contract to supply the body with a steady flow of blood
INFECTIOUS DISEASE
any disease caused by the growth of pathogenic microorganisms in the body
CYANOSIS
a bluish discoloration of the skin
STROKE VOLUME
the volume of blood pumped by the right/left ventricle of the heart in one contraction