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US History - WWII Test
Terms in this set (41)
Battle of Stalingrad
a 1942-1943 battle of World War II, in which German forces were defeated in their attempt to capture the city of Stalingrad in the Soviet Union thanks to harsh winter --> turning point of war in Eastern Europe
the President of the United States during the Depression and WWII. He instituted the New Deal. Served from 1933 to 1945, he was the only president in U.S. history to be elected to four terms
Act in March 1941, which allowed the US to sell, lend, or lease arms or other war supplies to any nation considered "vital to the defense (2 words)
Born in Austria, Hitler became a radical German nationalist during World War I. He led the National Socialist German Workers' Party-the Nazi Party-in the 1920s and became dictator of Germany in 1933. He led Europe into World War II. (p. 786)
a government order imposing a trade barrier
Adolf Hitler used fascism to create this type of government based on totalitarian ideas and was used to unite Germany during the 1930s.
Korematsu v. U.S.
The court ruled that the ordering of Japanese-Americans into internment camps was constitutional
the peninsula and island in the Philippines where Japanese forces besieged American forces in World War II
Territory in the Solomon Islands. first U.S. land victory over the Japanese, 1943
The campaigns of World War II were the military operations that were employed during World War II. Campaigns generally refer to broader strategic operations conducted over a large bit of territory and over a long period of time. (Wikipedia.)
The allied campaign to take Italy. It took 18 months, from 1943-1944. Italy surrendered after many beach landings and other dangerous tactics.
Harry S. Truman
Became president when FDR died; gave the order to drop the atomic bomb
the organized killing of European Jews and others by the Nazis during WWII
Battle of Iwo Jima
American battle on Japanese territory in which 30,000 marines helped assist in amphibious assaults. Involved the US's territorial claim of Mount Suribachi to defeat the Japanese
a nuclear weapon in which enormous energy is released by nuclear fission (splitting the nuclei of a heavy element like uranium 235 or plutonium 239)
A noted British statesman who led Britain throughout most of World War II and along with Roosevelt planned many allied campaigns. He predicted an iron curtain that would separate Communist Europe from the rest of the West.
in World War II the alliance of Germany and Italy in 1936 which later included Japan and other nations
German lightning warfare. Characterized by highly mobility and concentrated forces at point of attack.
Italian fascist dictator (1883-1945)
Attack on Pearl Harbor
Japan attacked Pearl Harbor in 1941, which brought the United States into World War II. It was a complete surprise attack and destroyed battle cruisers, battle destroyers, and a mine layer.
United States general who served as chief of staff and commanded Allied forces in the South Pacific during World War II
Battle of the Coral Sea
A battle between Japanese and American naval forces that stopped the Japanese advance on Australia.
the American navy attacked islands held by the Japanese in the Pacific Ocean. The capture of each successive island from the Japanese brought the American navy closer to an invasion of Japan.
Coast where Allied troops landed on June 6, 1944 (D-Day)
Thomas E. Dewey
the Governor of New York (1943-1955) and the unsuccessful Republican candidate for the U.S. Presidency in 1944 and 1948
Battle of Leyte Gulf
1944 World War II naval battle betweeen the United States and Japan. Largest naval engagement in history. Japaneze navy was defeated.
Battle of Okinawa
First Japanese Home island (only 340 miles from mainland Japan) to be invaded. Island of immense strategic value. Involving over 500,000 troops and over 1,200 ships. Battle showed Japanese determination to resist invasion.
City in Japan, the first to be destroyed by an atomic bomb, on August 6, 1945. The bombing hastened the end of World War II. (p. 797)
a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)
Originally designed to avoid American involvement in World War II by preventing loans to those countries taking part in the conflict; they were later modified in 1939 to allow aid to Great Britain and other Allied nations.
Battle of Britain
an aerial battle fought in World War II in 1940 between the German Luftwaffe (air force), which carried out extensive bombing in Britain, and the British Royal Air Force, which offered successful resistance.
This general was premier of Japan during World War II while this man was dictator of the country. He gave his approval for the attack on Pearl Harbor and played a major role in Japan's military decisions until he resigned in 1944
Arsenal of Democracy
Referred to America's Ability to supply its European allies with war supplies prior to the U.S. entry into WWII.
Bataan Death March
Brutal march of American and Filipino prisoners by Japanese soldiers in 1942
Battle of Midway
U.S. naval victory over the Japanese fleet in June 1942, in which the Japanese lost four of their best aircraft carriers. It marked a turning point in World War II.
Dwight D. Eisenhower
leader of the Allied forces in Europe then was elected to be Pres. of the USA
June 6, 1944..the day the Allies invaded Normandy, France during WWII
Battle of the Bulge
World War II battle in December 1944 between Germany and Allied troops that was the last German offensive in the West.
a fighter plane used for suicide missions by Japanese pilots in World War II
the scientist who discobered the exist the Theory of relativity
Japanese city in which the second atomic bomb was dropped (August 9, 1945).Japanese surrendered.
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