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80 terms

psychology

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psychologists formally define learning as
a relatively permenetly change in behavior or knowledge that is due to past experience
who discovered the basc process of classical conditionaling
ivan pavalo
in response to a cold temp your body will shiver reflexively. using pavalos termonology the cold temp would be termed
unconditioned stimulus
in respopnse to cutting up an onion airborne irritants released by the onion
unconditioned response
behaviorism was an early school or approach to psychology founded by
john b watson
john b watson beleive that psycology should study
observable behavior
the early school or approach to psycology called behaviorism emphasized which of the following ideas
the scientific study of observable behaviors rather than mental processes
a physological and or physiological response to what is actually a fake treatment drug is called
a placebo response
who formulated the law and effect
edward L thorndike
an operant can be defined as
a vonluntary action
example of a primary reinforcer
a cold drink on a hot day
a skinner box is
small glass cage with food dispenser
the famous bobo doll studies show that
performance of a behavior was affected by the cognitivive expctation of reinforcement of punishment
according to bandura what four cognitive processes are necessary for imitation of behavior that has been only obsverved
attention memory ability to perform the behavior motivaion
the branch of psycology that is focused on unerstanding the internal physical events and processes tha correspong with our experiences and behavior is called
biological psycology
neurons are
a highly speciaized cells that receive and transmit info from one areo fo the body to another
which of the following signals muscles to relax or conract
motor neurons
the three basic types of neurons are
sensory, motor and interneurons
the cell body of a neuron
provides the enrgy needed for the neuron to function
the neurotransmitter called acetylcholine
is involved in muscle contractions and memory
is implicated in alzheimers disease
acetycholine
the two main divisions of the nervous system are
peripheral nervous sys, central nervous sys
best defines nerurogenesis
the developemet of new neurons
the brainstem is made up of the
mid brains and hindbrain
which is not a hindbrain structure....?
pons, cerebellum, hypothalamus, medulla
hypothalamus
the limbis refers to
the hippocampus thalamus amygadala and hypthalamus
the hippocampus plays a key role in
forming new memories
which is not a key component of the limbic sys...?
hypothalamus, reticular formation, amygadala, hippocampus
reticular formation
psycology is formally defined as
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
early approachor school of psychology is associated with wilhel, wundts student edward titchner
structuralism
who played a key role in establishing psychology as a scientific disipline i the US
william james
first african american to recieve a ph d in psychology in the US was
francis c sumner
founder of psychoanalysis was
austrian physican sigmu freud
psychoanalysis emphasized
inconcious causes of behavior
early school of psycology called behaviorism
grew out of russian physiologist Ivan pavlovs pioneering research n which he conditioned dogs to salviate to the sound of a bell
behaviorism was characterised by
the reaction of conciousness as a topic in psycology and focus upson observale behavior
ky figures in the developement include
watson, pavlov, skinner
humanistic psychology emphasized
free wil, self- determination, psycological growth and human potential
in contrast to collectiveistic cultures individualstic cuture tend to
value the needs and goals of the individual over the eeds and goals of the group
in collective cultures a persons sense of identity is
strongly inlfuenced by the persons interdependent relationships with others such as the persons family
which is not a step in the scientific method
apply the findings to solve human problems
a hypothesis is
a tentative statement that describes the relationship between two or more varianles
people who engage in critical thinking
are open to new ideas yet maintain a sense of skepticism
the biological category of male or female as defined by physical differences in genetic composition and in reproductive anatomy and functions is refered
sex
the term gender is formally defined as
the cultural social and psychological meanings that are associated with masculinity or feminity
what refers to the cutural social nd psychological means that are associated with masculinity or femininity
gender
refers to the directions of a persons emotional and erotic attraction toward members of the opposite sex, same sex, or both sexes.
sex orientation
two personality dimensions on which men and women consistenlty differ are
nurturance and ssertiveness
on tests of verbal fluency reading comprehensions spelling and basic writing skills females..
consistently score much higher than males
the human sexual response cycle was first mapped by sex-research pionees
masters and johnson
the shorteset stage of the human sexual response
orgasm
according to research by master an johnson what represents the normal order of the four stages in human sexual resp cycle
excitement platue orgasm resolution
the refractory period refers to
length of time following orgasm during which male is incapable of having another orgasm or erection
in both men and women sexual act and motivation is biologically influences by both bodily levels of
testosterone
any of sveral infectious diseases that are primarily transmittes through sexual intercourse or other intimate sexual contact are called
stds
emilie had to seek treatment cus of persistnet itching due to pubic lice. she has contracted a ..
parasite std
with aproximitly 1.5 mil new infections occuring per yr in US .......... it the most common st
genital herpes
ppl with herpes often
(all of the above)
have no symptoms, can transmit the virus through sexual contact even if they do not have sores visiable,often unaware they are infected
the disease caused by the change of body fluids conataining HIV which attacks and weakens the immune system is called
AIDS
HIV stands for
human immunodeficiency virus
which definition refects frueds view of the id
the primative part of personality
frueds theory on odepus complex
the attraction to the opposite sex parent plays out as a drama in childs mind
the term used by psycologists used to discribe an measure the emotional bond between infant and care giver
attatchment theory
according to karen males often envy the capacity of women to bear childeren which she termed as
womb envy
which of the following is refered to as the 3 force
humanisitic psy.
wich best discribes deoxyribonucleus acid
dna
female has_____ combination in the ____?
xy, first pair
accoring to freud the ego is guided by_____ and id is guided by____
concious, unconcious
implicit memory is
memory that cant be recollected
the term used to describe mental activities involves in aquiring retaining and using knowledge
cognition
your general knowledge of words facts names definiions and others assorted trivia reflects which type of long term memory
semantic memory
test designed to assess a persons capacity to benifitfrom education or training
iq test
language is a highly structured sys that follows specific rules for combining words
syntax
the most typical instnce of a particular concept
prototype
part of body that developes most quickly
the brain
childerent who are fearful easily startled
post tramatic stress dissorder
psychologist george studies characeristics of
visual memory
heuristic
enabling a person to discover or learn something for themselves
area of the brain that is cruicial in expressing and regulating emotions
limbic system
the term schema refers to
organized cluster of particular info