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Marxists who favor revolution by a small committed group, supported a small number of committed revolutionaries willing to sacrifice everything for change.


founded the Communist Party in Russia and set up the world's first Communist Party dictatorship. He led the October Revolution of 1917, in which the Communists seized power in Russia. He then ruled the country until his death in 1924.

Bloody Sunday

1905; peaceful march by russians turned deadly when Czar's guards fire on crowd, killing hundreds


Self-proclaimed holy man who claimed to heal the sick and have prophecy. He had much influence over Tsarina Alexandra and she often went to him for advise on political issues. He was believed to be having a sexual affair with Tsarina Alexandra and was assassinated by three members of the higher aristocracy; Tsarina Alexandra was very distraught and depressed due to his death

provisional government

The government established in 1917 which replaced Nicholas II when he abdicated. The only mistake of this government was not getting Russia out of the brutal World War I.Temporary government.


Committees of Socialist revolutionaries-control many cities

Czarina Alexandra

czar Nicholas II's wife, believed anything Rasputin would say because she believed he was healing her son

Nicholas 2nd

was the last Emperor of Russia. His reign saw Imperial Russia go from being one of the foremost great powers of the world to economic and military collapse. Nicknamed Bloody Nicholas.

Lenin's slogan


White Army

Russians who opposed Lenin and the Bolsheviks. Loyal to the czar, want democracy,anti-Lenin

Red Army

Military organization constructed under leadership of Leon Trotsky, Bolshevik follower of Lenin; made use of people of humble background. Win 3-year war that leaves 14 million dead (flu,fighting,famine)

New Economic Policy (NEP)

Instituted by Lenin around 1923, this included the improvement of healthcare and schooling, the reduction of limitations on private enterprise, and farmers being allowed to sell 60% of their products privately. This was somewhat of a step back from communism, but it improved Russia's harvests from 1923-1927, and helped stability to return to the USSR. Allows peasants to sell their surplus instead of handing it in to the government (capitalism).


Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

Communist Party

New name taken by Bolsheviks from the writings of Karl Marx


Commander of the Red Army

Joseph Stalin

Cold,hard Communist Party general secretary in 1922


The workers


A government that takes total, centralized, state control over every aspect of public and private life

Great Purge

A campaign of terror directed at anyone who threatened Stalin's power

Command economy

A system in which the government made all economic decisions

Five-Year Plans

Plans for developing the Soviet Union

Collective farm

Farms taken from citizens on which families worked to produce for the state

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