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65 terms

brazil final

STUDY
PLAY
rio grande do sol
Great Southern River") is the southernmost state in Brazil
sao paulo
an ultramodern port city in southeastern Brazil
rio de janeiro
the former capital and 2nd largest city of Brazil
minas gerais
Region of Brazil located in mountainous interior were gold strikes were discovered in 1695; became location for gold rush.
bahia
1. Bay, an arm of the sea. (f)
2. Bahía, a city of Brazil. (f)
pernambuco
Recife: a port city of northeastern Brazil on the Atlantic
-SUGAR & COTTOn
Mato grosso
- Part of the Brazilian Highlands
- most rivers flow north into the Amazon
- areas of young sedimentary rocks mixed with areas of exposed old crystalline rocks
- location of capital city (Brasilia)
- agriculture: soybeans
- cattle ranches
amazon river basin
carriesthe largest amount of tropical water in the world
sao paulo
an ultramodern port city in southeastern Brazil
brasilia
Brazils new capital city
commodities
sugar cane, tobaccco, cotton, gold silver, diamonds, gold, coffee berries, rubber
trans-atlantic slave trade
issue of ongoing slave trade in the 19th centuryl
*pragmatism, racial composition, and distrubition of power
laifundias
large farming estate in ancient rome
mameluco
Brazil mestizo, The Portuguese term for Native American/White individuals
mulatto
a person of mixed african and european ancestry
viceroyalty
--
captaincy system
the political divisions by which the rulers of Portugal governed the colony of Brazil
mercantilism
an economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought
jesuits
aldeais
aldeias
Village settlements where the Portuguese taught them European trades, and how to read and write.
dom joao vi
Portuguese monarch who established seat of government in Brazil from 1808 to 1820 as a result of Napoleonic invasion of Iberian peninsula; made Brazil seat of empire with a capital at Rio de Janeiro (p 599)
dom pedro i
Son and successor of Dom João VI in Brazil; aided in the declaration of Brazilian independence from Portugal in 1822; became constitutional emperor of Brazil.
dom pedro ii
crowned at age 14 (1841) to end Regency period. Ended slavery at end of reign by daughter Isabel signing Golden Law
dona isabel
Dona Isabel (English: Elizabeth/Isabella;[a] 29 July 1846 - 14 November 1921), nicknamed "the Redemptress",[1] was the heiress presumptive to the throne of the Empire of Brazil, bearing the title of Princess Imperial.
1824 constitution
citizenship based on birth, all free men are equal before law, minimal property rights to be in elections, race is no factor, emperor is head of state, free primary education
liberals
people who believed people should be as free from restraint as possible
conservative
conforming to the standards and conventions of the middle class
republicans
Rivals of the Federalists who believed in a smaller government based on state rights. Their rivalry sparked tensions with Federalists, creating a political party system.
paraguayan war
War of Triple Alliance which affect of colonialism in Latin America resulting in the killing of almost all the Paraguayan men by Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina
law of the free womb
Enforced by Princess Isabel the Redeemer in 1871. That said that a child of a slave that was born after 1871 would be free after they were 21. Had to work until they were 21 so they could pay for themselves.
golden law
law passed by Dom Pedro II's daughter, Isabel, that freed all the slaves and made the upper class very angry
positivism
rational justifications for assertion and actions as verifiable with science, logic, math, less church , less state
republicanism
formation of the rep part 1871
militarianism
involvement of military in governance
revolution of 1889
- end of imperial rule
- continuation of military involvement in politics
* first brazilian republica VELHA - 1889-1930
1937 constitution
written by de Valera. Republican document. Not Catholic.Establish president, taoiseach, family values, senate and Supreme court
1891 constitution
no longer senators for life, federal chamber created, President established, direct vote for men over 21, Catholicism no longer official religion
vaccine revolt brazil
0-0-
whitening
________ was the Brazilian policy that lead to the abolition of slavery in that country.
revolution of 1930
coup against current brazilian preasident washington luis by general getulio vargas
- " father of the poor"
1937 constitution
written by de Valera. Republican document. Not Catholic.Establish president, taoiseach, family values, senate and Supreme court
estado novo
"New State". Authoritarian regime in Brazil, instituted by Vargas. Ruled from 1947-1945.
corporatism
a political system in which interest groups become an institutionalized part of the state or dominant political party
populism
The movement to increase farmers' political power and to work for legislation in their interest.
dicator of the populist
vargas
higher war college
escola superior de guerra
escola superior de guerra
emphasis on internal securiy and national development , the ESG was an advanced military training program for senior officers and civilians 7 was US supported
favelas
large slums around Brazilian cities
joao goulart
appointed by Vargas as minister of labor, was sympathetic with labor's demands and recommended doubling of the minimum wage
----- THE LEFT ( NATIONALISTS RADICAL)
brazilian guerrillas
...
itaipu dam
world's largest dam; major source of hydroelectricity
transamazon highway
NE Brazil to the Peru border. Built with the help of the U.S. & Brazilian economies. Any good land by the road was snagged by locals. No real imports were worth to harvest. (Not worth it like the SPH was)
cruzado plan
Based on a structural diagnosis of inflation, the first ___________ in Brazil, in 1986, focused on the intertial component of inflation and implemented heterodox measures by freezing prices, wages, and exchange rates. Brazilians were deputized as fiscais, or price inspectors, to police the price freeze in supermarkets and shopping malls. Indexation of contracts with less than one year's duration was prohibited. A new currency, the cruzado, was created at a value of 1,000 cruzeiros. After a devaluation, the cruzado was fixed at 13.84 cruzados to the dollar. A neglect of tough fiscal adjustments combined with passive monetary policy that accommodated domestic deficits resulted in the re-eruption of inflation.
fernando cardoso
was elected in 1994 & 1998 after Jose Sarney, and acheived some success in tackling the nation's economic and political
economic stabilization
lower unemployment/raise employment
reduce inflation rate and promote price stability
plano real
In 1994, sought to reduce inflation, work to reduce poverty, and to address the wealth divide.
luis inacio da silva "lula"
Current president of Brazil. Elections October 3rd. Term ends this year and will be eligible for 2014.
-lower debt
socialism
a theory or system of social organization that advocates the vesting of the ownership and control of the means of production and distribution, of capital, land, etc., in the community as a whole.
land reform
a redistribution of agricultural land (especially by government action)
short answer ;boxer rebellion
Conflict that occurred in China in 1900 when Chinese members of a secret society known as the Boxers tried to rid China of foreigners by killing missionaries and attacking the European diplomatic compound in Peking. An international army composed of European and American troops defeated the Boxers.
great proliferation
-------------------on test paper
boer wars
Wars between the Dutch and British in Africa. A sort of cold war between the two powers. The Dutch wanted slavery but the English didn't
-, farmers who fought british after discovery of diamonds/gold on their land
-, Dutch people fighting independence of boer republic. British won. (1899-1902)
national party
south africa went ot polls got about 41.5 % of the votes and lasted almost 46 years. the election was won under the slogan "apartheid". the govt first priority was to assure coninuation to nation. national party recieved most of the white otes
getulio vargas
dictator to the populist . populists fail and he serves a second term and commited suicide. he attempted economic stabilization, overthrew the govt and ESTADO NOVO
1964 military coup
first time in 20th century that the brazilian military assumed direct political power;
the US & the surrport of the military coup was part of a program of anti communist actions and johnson feared that brazil would become the NEW CHINA>