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Health and Fitness

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What are the 6 Dimensions of Wellness
Physical, Emotional, Intellectual, Interpersonal, Spiritual, and Environmental
Physical Wellness
Includes your body's overall condition and the absence of disease but also your fitness level and your ability to care for yourself. The higher your fitness level, the highter your level of physical wellness will be.
Emotional Wellness
Your emotional wellness reflects your ability to understand you deal with your feelings
Intellectual Wellness
Constantly challenge their minds
Environmental Wellness
To improve your environmental wellness, you can learn about and protect yourself against hazards in your surroundings and work to make you world cleaner and safer place
Occupational Wellness
Refers to the level of happiness and fulfillment you gain through your work
Financial Wellness
balancing a checkbook, budget, saving money, and getting out of debt
3 leading causes of death in the U.S.
heart disease, cancer, and stroke
physical activity
movement carried out by the skeletal muscles that requires energy
exercise
planned, structured, repetitive movement intended to improve or maintain physical fitness
Physical Activity and Exercise Recommendations for Promoting General Health Fitness and Weight Management
achieve or maintain weight loss = exercise moderately for 60-90 minutes per day on most days of the week
Health related components of physical fitness
cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular strength, flexibility, and body composition
cardiorespiratiory endurance
in the ability to perform prolonged, large- muscle, dynamic exercise at moderate to high levels of intensity
Heart Disease is linked most closely with:
low cardiorespiratory fitness
muscular endurance
is the ability to resist fatigue and sustain a given level of muscule tension
Why do older adults tend to lose muscular strength?
muscle cell decrease in size and number
flexibility
the abiltiy to move joints through their full range of motion
How is healthy body composition best characterized:
fat, muscle, bone, water
What is the best way to lose body fat?
a lifestyle that includes a sensible diet and exercise
What is FITT principle?
frequency, intensity, time, and type
What is the purpose of an exercise stress test?
can determine if you have heart disease
What are the components of the cardiorespiratory system?
heart, blood vessels, and lungs
List two upper chambers of the heart.
Left and Right Atrium
List two lower chambers of the heart
Left and Right Ventricle
How often is a person's total blood volume circulated?
once every 60 sec
What function do alveoli serve in the lungs?
tiny air sacs in the lungs that allow the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the lungs and blood
What is the typical resting heart rate for a normal individual?
60
During digestion, most carbohydrates are broken down into:
sugar
ATP
the basic form of energy used by cells
What is one impact of regular endurance exercise on the heart rate?
would be lower