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What are the 6 Dimensions of Wellness

Physical, Emotional, Intellectual, Interpersonal, Spiritual, and Environmental

Physical Wellness

Includes your body's overall condition and the absence of disease but also your fitness level and your ability to care for yourself. The higher your fitness level, the highter your level of physical wellness will be.

Emotional Wellness

Your emotional wellness reflects your ability to understand you deal with your feelings

Intellectual Wellness

Constantly challenge their minds

Environmental Wellness

To improve your environmental wellness, you can learn about and protect yourself against hazards in your surroundings and work to make you world cleaner and safer place

Occupational Wellness

Refers to the level of happiness and fulfillment you gain through your work

Financial Wellness

balancing a checkbook, budget, saving money, and getting out of debt

3 leading causes of death in the U.S.

heart disease, cancer, and stroke

physical activity

movement carried out by the skeletal muscles that requires energy


planned, structured, repetitive movement intended to improve or maintain physical fitness

Physical Activity and Exercise Recommendations for Promoting General Health Fitness and Weight Management

achieve or maintain weight loss = exercise moderately for 60-90 minutes per day on most days of the week

Health related components of physical fitness

cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular strength, flexibility, and body composition

cardiorespiratiory endurance

in the ability to perform prolonged, large- muscle, dynamic exercise at moderate to high levels of intensity

Heart Disease is linked most closely with:

low cardiorespiratory fitness

muscular endurance

is the ability to resist fatigue and sustain a given level of muscule tension

Why do older adults tend to lose muscular strength?

muscle cell decrease in size and number


the abiltiy to move joints through their full range of motion

How is healthy body composition best characterized:

fat, muscle, bone, water

What is the best way to lose body fat?

a lifestyle that includes a sensible diet and exercise

What is FITT principle?

frequency, intensity, time, and type

What is the purpose of an exercise stress test?

can determine if you have heart disease

What are the components of the cardiorespiratory system?

heart, blood vessels, and lungs

List two upper chambers of the heart.

Left and Right Atrium

List two lower chambers of the heart

Left and Right Ventricle

How often is a person's total blood volume circulated?

once every 60 sec

What function do alveoli serve in the lungs?

tiny air sacs in the lungs that allow the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the lungs and blood

What is the typical resting heart rate for a normal individual?


During digestion, most carbohydrates are broken down into:



the basic form of energy used by cells

What is one impact of regular endurance exercise on the heart rate?

would be lower

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