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conflicts between the normative prescriptions of different groups to which individuals belong.

CC perspective focuses on....

Concerned with....

conflicts between the normative prescriptions of different groups to which individuals belong.

Crime is a _____from the consensus


Subcultures of violence

conflicts between the normative prescriptions of different groups to which individuals belong.

Thorstein Sellin

believed that crime was the result of conflicts between the norms of the different cultural groups.

Primary and Secondary Culture Conflict Approach

Thorstein Sellin created these approaches

The primary and secondary culture conflict approach believed that...

Believed that the norms of individual cultures and subcultures dictate individual desires, as well as the preferred methods of achieving them. (instrumental)

Primary Culture Conflict

occurs when the norms of the native culture are unacceptable in the new, dominant culture of the society in which a person lives.

Secondary Culture Conflict

occurs when the norms of one social grouping are defined as criminal by another social grouping within the same culture. (different segments within a single cultural group have contradictory norms governing a particular aspect of social behavior)


is when a society increases the size of its population by natural, internal means, and roles become more specialized.

Status politics

is the use of moral-legal questions to take and/ or hold symbolic and political power over another group.

Conduct norms

groups generate and form what is considered criminal and not criminal!

Subcultural approach focuses on....

Focuses attention on the role played by membership in small and relatively intimate groups. (Gangs, clubs, etc.)

Subculture is based on...

differences between the social classes, and the conflicts that exist between them.

crimes committed by the lower class

Subcultural approach is most often used to explain....


may be considered a type of subculture in which certain mainstream social norms are deliberately inverted.

Cohen (Ohlin)

believes that delinquent subcultures purposefully develop deviant norms for behavior that are in direct opposition to the larger adult culture.


Developed the concept of near group—a collection of individuals who remain in a state of partial organization over a fairly long period of time.

Who came up with the Lower Class Culture Conflict theory?

Walter Miller

What are the six Lower Class Culture factors?

Trouble, Toughness, Smartness, Excitement, Fate, Autonomy (look at notes for detail)

Miller proposes that....

that lower-class cultural system exerts the most direct pressure on behavior.

Miller's theory presumes that....

human behavior to be controlled by free will.—individuals choose how to interpret and employ these concerns.

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