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Anatomy Exam #4 Chapter 28

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Sperm are moved along the ductus deferens by what?
Peristaltic Contractions
The organ that monitors and adjusts the composition of tubular fluid, recycles damaged spermatozoa, and is the site of sperm maturation is the:
Epididymis
The organ that carries sperm from the epididymis to the urethra is the:
Ductus Deferns
Which of the following muscles move the testes toward the body?
Both the cremaster and the dartos muscle
The spermatic cord is:
a bundle of tissue that contains the ductus deferens, blood vessels, nerves, and lymphatics that serve the testis.
The dense layer of connective tissue that surrounds the testis is called the
tunica albuginea
Interstitial cells produce
Androgens
Sperm production occurs in the
Seminiferous Tubles
Sperm develop from stem cells called
spermatogonia.
When spermatogonia divide, the daughter cells are called
Spermatocytes
The process of spermiogenesis produces
Spermatoza
The organ that produces a secretion that contains fructose, prostaglandins, and fibrinogen is the
seminal vesicle
The organ that surrounds the urethra and produces an alkaline secretion is the
Prostate Gland
The small paired structures at the base of the penis that secrete a thick, alkaline mucus are the
Bulbourethral Glands
The organ that delivers semen into the female reproductive tract is the
Penis
The fold of skin that covers the glans penis is the:
Prepuce
The role of FSH in males is to
Initiate sperm production in the testes
The erectile tissue that surrounds the urethra is the
Corpus spongiosum
The delicate layer of serous membrane that covers the testis is called the
Tunica Vaginalis
Spermatozoa are functionally matured within the
Epidiymis
Testosterone is secreted by the
Interstitial Cells
Contraction of the cremaster muscles
tenses the scrotal sac and pulls the testes closer to the body cavity.
Contraction of the dartos muscle
Tightens the scrotal sac
The middle piece of the sperm contains the ________ in a spiral arrangement.
Mitochondria
What part of the sperm contains DNA?
Head
Primary spermatocytes are produced by mitosis of cells called ________.
spermatogonia
The hormone that stimulates spermatogenesis in males is:
FSH
Interstital Cells in the testes produce
Testosterone
The broad ligament is
an extensive mesentery that encloses the ovaries, uterine tubes, and uterus
The organ that transports the ovum to the uterus is the
Uterine Tubes
The round ligaments extend from the
lateral margins of the uterus, through the inguinal canal to the external genitalia.
The thick muscular layer of the uterus is the
Myometrium
The surge in luteinizing hormone that occurs during the middle of the ovarian cycle triggers
Ovulation
A rise in the blood levels of follicle-stimulating hormone at the beginning of the ovarian cycle is responsible for
follicle maturation
During the proliferative phase of the menstrual cycle
the functional zone of the endometrium is restored.
During the secretory phase of the menstrual cycle
All answers are correct
uterine phase that develops because of a fall in progesterone levels is
The menses
The pigmented skin that surrounds the nipple is the
The primary follicle develops from the areola
The principal hormone secreted by the corpus luteum is
Progesterone
Menstruation is triggered by a drop in the levels of
Progesterone
The granulosa cells of developing follicles secrete
Estradiol
The primary follicle develops from the
Primordial follicle
The portion of the uterine tube that ends in fingerlike fimbriae is the
Infundibulum
After ovulation, the ovary secretes
both estrogen and progesterone
After ovulation, the ovary secretes
Luteinizing Hormone
The main portion of the uterus is called the corpus or ________.
body
The ________ is the inner lining of the uterus.
endometrium