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68 terms

Exam 2

final exam
STUDY
PLAY
Which of the following is considered the most common form of political participation?
Voting in elections
According to the authors of your text
the participation paradox suggests that, Individuals vote even thought their votes rarely influence election results.
Which of the following is not a demographic variable that affects turnout at the polls?
Residency
All of the following are Texas legal voting requirements except
Being a nonresident of the state
Which of the following statements about Texas voting registration laws is incorrect
an individual's employer can register an employee as long as the employer is a registered voter
Which of the following statements about voting in Texas is incorrect
Once registered voting is very complicated
The percentage of people who are eligible to vote that actually vote.
Voter turnout
With voting laws making registration and voting easier
voter turnout has decreased since 1960, true
Which of the following can be a contributing factor to the decrease in voter participation in the United States after 1960?
passage of the 26th amendment. a decrease in party identification by voters
All of the following Techniques were
at one time, used to prevent voting in Texas except:, Literacy tests
Which of the following is a deterrent to higher voter turnout in Texas
Large number of elections & long length of the ballot & lower income and education levels in Texas
a set of political values and beliefs that are dominant in a society
Political culture
Texas political parties select their nominees for the general election by using
direct primaries
To win a Texas primary election a candidate must receive
50% plus one of the votes
When are Texas's primary elections held
second Tuesday in MArch of even-number of years
a type of primary where a voter only can participate in the primary for the party of which they are a member
closed
Which of the following statement about elections in Texas is correct
Legally it is closed but it operates as an open-primary state
A political party's ultimate aim is to
nominate candidates in the primary or convention and get them elected
When are general elections held in Texas
Tuesday after the first Monday in November of even-numbered years
To vote a straight party ticket
the voter need only mark the box or pull the lever for the party of his choice
Which of the following are considered part of an incumbent's advantage during election season
won office before their name recognition and an incumbent is generally a strong candidate
The amount of money a candidate raises can be the deciding factor in the campaign. T or F?
true
Texas law requires disclosure of the amount of money raised
who contributes, and how campaign funds are spent, true
The U.S. Constitution is responsible for the creation of political parties. T or F?
false
A political party's primary purpose or goal is to
gain control of government through popular elections
Political parties can be found at what levels of government
National. State. and Local
Which of the following is not a distinct characteristic of American political parties?
Idealism.
Politics means that ideas should be judged on the basis of their political results rather than an ideological basis this is called
Pragmatism
Which of the following events contributed to the Democratic Party's dominance of state election up through the 1990s
reconstruction the great depression and republican crossover voters
a system in which one candidate is elected to a legislative body in each election district
Single member district system
Which of the following statements does not describe a belief of conservatives
Conservatives are likely to support redistribution of wealth
Which of the following have been used by national political parties to influence state and local party organization
money
Which of the following statements is not generally true of liberals
They support limited government in the free market economy
Liberals in the Texas Democratic party consist of all of the following groups except
Large farmers and ranchers
The Texas Republican Party appeals to which of the following groups
middle/upperclass individuals in urban communities & active/retired military personnel and traditional conservatives
The precinct convention is open to individuals who
voted earlier that day in the party's primary
The Texas Republican Party appeals to which of the following groups
middle/upperclass individuals in urban communities & active/retired military personnel and traditional conservatives
The precinct convention is open to individuals who
voted earlier that day in the party's primary
The transition from one dominant political party in the state to another is known as
Realignment
In recent presidential elections
Texas has Consistently supported the Republican nominee
The shift in party identification in the state can be attributed to all of the following reasons except
the popularity of President Lyndon Johnson
The idea of realignment suggest that
Voters are calling themselves independent rather than identifying with a political party
Political parties are relatively decentralized in the United States T or F?
true
Which of the following are functions of parties in a democracy?
nominate and elect their members to public office & educate and mobilize voters and run the government at whatever level they are active
People who vote for candidates of more than one party in a given election are called
ticket splitters
Texas is considered a swing state because both the Democrat and Republican parties are very competitive within the state T or F?
false
The lowest level of party organization (Texas is the precinct level of organization.)
grassroots
Who is employed to express the values of interest groups to public officials?
Lobbyist
Which of the following is not correct of the work of interest groups
It is not a crime to knowingly provide false information to state lawmakers
which of the following is not considered an indirect strategy used by interest groups to influence govt?
holding demonstrations
Before the legislative sessions begins a lobbyist must have successfully completed all of the following except
get to know the family members personally because through them the member can be influenced
According to state law
when registering, lobbyists are required to reveal to the state, all of these
Which industry groups in TX had the largest number and max value of the contract signed with lobbyists?
energy/ natural resources/ waste
The structure of the state govt makes it difficult for any special interest group to dominate. T or F?
True
Texas law states the ex-legislatures:
can become lobbyists with no restrictions
The official publication of the state that gives the public notice of proposed actions and adopts policies of executive branch agencies.
Texas Register
Which of the following do not have to register with the state as a lobbyist?
A and B
Who is responsible for accepting reports of candidates and lobbyists and making them public?
Texas Ethics Commission
An organization created by interest groups to promote common goals is identified as what type of organization?
umbrella
Which characteristic of the structure of government in TX makes is difficult for one interest to dominate the whole govt?
All of these
Campaign contributions and late train contributions are not considered lobbying expenses by state law. T or F?
True
Late train contributions are
campaign funds given to the winning legislative candidate
Which of the following concerning campaign contribution is incorrect?
most campaign contributions for the state legislate and statewide offices come from small donors
Which is the public's watch dog institution and provides a link between gov and the public?
the media
Why is it that the current system of a part-time legislature is unlikely to change?
all of these
Interest groups pursuing social equality and economic goals are classified as what type of group?
mixed and hybrid
A free rider
is an individual who benefits from the work of an interest group, but who does not participate in the collective that make the benefits possible.,
People join interest groups because
all of these