BJH Test 15 (Prep for Big Test)

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What president generally supported Lincoln's plans for Reconstruction
Andrew Johnson
For what reason was Andrew Johnson impeached
He dismissed a radical secretary of war
What was not one of the provisions of the Military Reconstruction Act
Congress selected a military governor for each district
What was not one of the positive contributions of Radical governments in the South
disfranchisement of Southern whites
Who was Hiram Revels
the first African American to serve in Congress
Why did sharecropping become common in the South during Reconstruction
The South lacked sufficient money to pay wages
In what scandal did Fisk and Gould participate
manipulating the price of gold
Why was Tammany Hall allowed to continue its corruption
Democratic leaders needed its help for votes
What is meant by "waving the bloody shirt"
blaming Democrats for the Civil War
What did the Republicans offer Southern Democrats in return for their support in electing Rutherford B. Hayes
removal of federal troops from the South
What term refers to the National government's attempt to rebuild the South following the Civil War
reconstruction
Which executive officals were protected by the Tenure of Office Act
the cabinet
What was the most severe depression in the first one hundred years of America's depression
panic of 73'
first president to be impeached
Andrew Johnson
one of the most scandal-ridden administrations in American history
Ulysses S. Grant
corrupt leader who defrauded New York City
William Tweed
cartoonist who advocated political reform
Thomas Nast
eccentric New York newspaper editor who ran against Grant in 1872
Horace Greeley
lawyer who helped to reform corruption in New York City
Samuel J. Tilden
victor of the most disputed presidential election in American history
Rutherford B. Hayes
Republican minority that wanted to deal harshly with the South
Radical Republicans
indictment of a political official by Congress
impeachment
Northern Radical who moved South (not a person)
carpetbagger
Southern Radical (not a person)
scalawag
denial of the right to vote
disfranchisement
method for freed slaves to farm the land without cash
sharecropping
Southerner who wanted to restore white majority rule
Redeemer
political corruption
"Grantism"
Northern Republicans who opposed the Radicals in 1872
Liberal Republican
paper money not backed by gold or silver
greenbacks
the North's attempt to rebuild the South
Reconstruction
government agency designed to help freed slaves
Freedman's Bureau
extremist group that opposed Radical Reconstruction
Ku Klux Klan
criminal use of funds intended for railroad construction
Credit Mobilier Scandal
conspiracy to cheat the government out of excise taxes
Whiskey Ring
agreement to remove federal troops from the South
Compromise of 1877
unanimous support of the Democratic party in the former Confederacy
Solid South
Lincoln's attempt to reestablish civilian government in the South quickly
ten percent plan
requirement that a majority of voters in each Southern state sign an oath of allegiance
Wade-Davis Bill
requirement of Senate consent before a president can dismiss a cabinet member
Tenure of Office Act
abolition of slavery
Thirteenth Amendment
guarantee of citizen rights
Fourteenth Amendment
division of the South into five military districts
Military Reconstruction Act
attempt to regulate the conduct of former slaves
Black Codes
True:False; the Radicals agreed with Lincoln concerning the number of Southern white males who should take an oath of allegiance
False
True:False; President Johnson came one vote short of being removed from office
True
True:False; Early in Reconstruction, Radical Republicans gained control of state governments in the South by denying the vote to many former confederates
True
True:False;The hardships of reconstruction forced the South to produce staples, such as wheat and rice, rather than cash crops, such as cotton and tobacco
False
True:False; Both parties were accused of voting corruption during the election of 1876
True
True:False; The Republicans' heavy-handed effort to control the South created a powerful block of voters who would oppose them for almost a century
True