33 terms

Health=Unit 2 Nutrition Vocabulary

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anti-oxidants
Nutrients that help protect healthy cells from damage caused by the normal aging processes well as from certain types of cancer. (vitamins A,C,E and the minerals zinc and selenium)
Appetite
A desire for food based more on emotions and other factors rather than nutritional need.
Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)
The rate at which a person uses energy when the body is at rest.
Body Composition
A measure of how much body fat a person has compared to lean tissue (muscle and bone).
Body Mass Index (BMI)
A ratio of a person's weight to height. A method for measuring body weight status.
Calorie
A measurement of energy generated in the body by the heat produced after food is eaten.
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water 1 degree C.
Carbohydrate
A nutrient that supplies energy for your body's functions. (simple and complex)
Cholesterol
A waxy, fat like substance that is found only in animal products.
Daily Value
Recommendations that specify the amounts of certain nutrients that the average person should obtain each day.
Digestion
The process by which the digestive system breaks down food into molecules that the body can use.
Fat
A nutrient that supplies energy, forms cells, maintains body temperature, and protects nerves.
Fiber
A type of complex carbohydrate that is found in plants and is necessary for the proper functioning of the digestive system Indigestible plant part of food which aids intestinal movement and cholesterol removal from the body.
Hunger
A feeling of discomfort caused by the body's need for nutrients.
Insulin
A hormone produced by the pancreas that stimulates body cells to take up and use blood sugar. An imbalance can lead to diabetes or hypoglycemia. (low blood sugar)
Metabolism
The chemical process by which the body breaks down food to release energy.
Mineral
Nutrient that occurs naturally in rock or soil; needed by the body in small amounts.
Nutrition
The process by which the body takes in and uses nutrients.
Nutrients
Substances found in food that the body needs to regulate bodily functions, promote growth, repair body tissues, and obtain energy.
Nutrient-dense
A food that contains lots of vitamins and minerals relative to the number of calories, but is low in saturated fat, trans fat, added sugar, and salt.
Obesity
A condition in adult who have a BMI of 30 or higher.
Overweight
A person who is heavier than the standard for the person's height. Weight over and above what is required and allowed, excessive or burdensome weight.
Protein
A nutrient that provides energy and is needed for growth and repair of body tissues.
Saturated fat
Fats that have all of the hydrogen atoms that they can hold. They are solid at room temperature. Too much can lead to heart disease.
Trans fat
A type of fat produced when manufacturers add hydrogen to the fat molecules in vegetable oils.
Underweight
A person who is lighter than the standard for the person's height.
Unsaturated fats
Fats that have at least one unsaturated bond in place where hydrogen can be added. Liquid at room temperature. (monounsaturated and polyunsaturated)
Vitamins
A nutrient that is made by living things, is required in small amounts, and assists in chemical reactions in the body.
Diet
1. Everything you consume (eat).
2. Food product with low calorie, low sugar.
3. A dedicated effort to loose extra weight.
Fat-free or Non-fat
Less than .5 grams per serving
Lite
Contains 1/3 (33.3%) less calories than the original product.
Low-fat
contains 3 grams or less of fat per serving.
Organic
Food produced without the use of chemically formulated fertilizers, growth stimulants, antibiotics, or pesticides.
Reduced Fat
Contains at least 1/2 the calories than the original product.

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