APWH CH 22
Terms in this set (40)
Asian sea-trading network
prior to intervention of Europeans, consisted of three zones: Arab zone base on glass, carpets, and tapestries: India based on cotton textiles; China based on paper, porcelain, and silks
Last of the Ming emperors, committed suicide in 1644 in the face of a Jurchen capture of the Forbidden City at Beijing
island port in Nagasaki Bay; the only port open to foreigners, the Dutch, after the 1640s.
Dutch trading empire
The Dutch system extending into Asia with fortified towns and factories, warships on patrol, and monopoly control of a limited number of products.
China; son of peasant; commanded the rebel army that drove the Mongols out of China
emphasis on manufactured goods and trade
Portuguese establishment at the southern end of the Persian Gulf; a major trading base.
Great warrior who controlled Japan as Shogun in early Tokugawa period
Vasco da Gama
Portuguese explorer. In 1497-1498 he led the first naval expedition from Europe to sail to India, opening an important commercial sea route.
Series of seven overseas trade expeditions under third Ming emperor, Yunglo; led by court eunuch Zhenghe between 1405 and 1433; only Chinese attempt to create worldwide trade empire.
an itinerant Monk banded leader and eventual Military leader rises to power and defeats the Mongols establishing the Ming and "Bright" Dynasty. (1369-1644)
Southern Island of Philippines; a Muslim kingdom that was able to successfully resist Spanish Conquest.
Ships with triangular sails that could sail against the wind, a rudder, cannons, and a compass or astrolabe
Northeast Asian peoples who defeated the Ming Dynasty and founded the Qing Dynasty in 1644, which was the last of China's imperial dynasties.
School of National Learning
New ideology that laid emphasis on Japan's unique historical experience and the revival of indigenous culture at the expense of Chinese imports such as Confucianism; typical of Japan in 18th century.
Treaty of Gihanti
One of two ports in which Europeans were permitted to trade in China during the Ming dynasty
place in which workers and machines are brought together to produce large quantities of goods
Port city in the modern Southeast Asian country of Malaysia, founded about 1400 as a trading center on the Strait of Malacca. Also spelled Melaka. (p. 387)
this man established a shogunate that would dominate Japan for hundreds of years
an Indo-European, Indic language, in use since c1200 b.c. as the religious and classical literary language of India.
china united in over 300 years. Asia opened to foreign trade because of the mongols
a philosophy that emerged in Song-dynasty China; it revived Confucian thinking while adding in Buddhist and Daoist elements
Italian Jesuit who wanted to convert China to Christianity during the Ming dynasty
Chinese class created by the marital linkage of the local land-holding aristocracy with the office-holding shi; superseded shi as governors of China.
This was a man who helped Ignatius of Loyola to start the Jesuits. He also was famous for his number of missionaries he went on to promote Christianity
Urge on (as cattle) with a pointed or electrically charged stick; spur on, stimulate, encourage
The first Japanese daimyo to make extensive use of firearms; in 1573 deposed the last Ashikaga shogun; unified much of central Honshu; died in 1582.
Northern island of Philippines; conquered by Spain during the 1560s; site of major Catholic missionary effort.
Canton Robert Di Nobli
Dutch fortress located after 1620 on the island of Java
Tokugawa capital city, modern day Tokyo, center of Tokugawa Shogunate
people who belonged to religious orders but lived and worked among the general public
2050 BC. - 1800 BC.: A new dynasty reunited Egypt. Moved the capital to Thebes. Built irrigation projects and canal between NIle and Red Sea so Egytian ships could trade along coasts of Arabian Penninsula and East Africa. Expanded Egyptian territory:Nubia, Syria.
daughter of Emperor Charles V
Along with Matteo Ricci, Jesuit scholar in court of Ming emperors; skilled scientist; won few converts to Christianity
The walled section of Beijing where emperors lived between 1121 and 1924. A portion is now a residence for leaders of the People's Republic of China.
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