Chapter 3 - The Dynamic Earth
Terms in this set (38)
Mostly solid, rocky part of the earth. Extends from the center of the core to the surface of the crust
thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth
Middle layer and divided into sections
Outer core is a dense liquid layer
Inner core is dense, solid
rigid upper part of the mantle (also includes the crust)
solid, plastic layer of the mantle beneath the lithosphere. Made of rock that flows slowly
bottom part of the mantle
Blocks of lithosphere. Float on top of lithosphere, and con intents located on top of them
Earthquakes are formed when rocks that are under stress break along a fault which causes a series of ground vibrations.
A break in the earths crust
The measure of the energy released by an earthquake
Where the materials of the earths surface are loosened, dissolved, or worn away, and moved from one place to another by another agent such as wind or water
a mixture of gases that surrounds a planet
The lowest layer of the atmosphere
Weather takes place in this layer
Densest atmospheric layer
layer above the troposphere. Ozone is in the stratosphere
The layer above the stratosphere and is the coldest
a gas molecule that is made up of three oxygen atoms.
energy is transferred as electromagnetic waves, such as visible light and infrared waves
energy is transferred as heat through a material through direct contact
movement of matter due to temperature variations
Air warmed by the surface rises
As it rises, it starts to cool
As it cools, it gets denser and starts to sink
As it gets closer to the surface, it gets warmed again and rises and
start the process again.. this process is called a
The warming of the surface and lower atmosphere
of Earth. Occurs when carbon dioxide, water vapor, and
other gases in the air absorb and trap heat near the surface
Layer farthest from Earth's surface. Temperatures above 3600 degrees Fahrenheit.
The continuous movement of water from the ocean
to the atmosphere to the land and back to the ocean.
the change of a substance from a liquid to a gas
the change from a gas to a liquid
any form of water that falls to the Earth's surface from the clouds
All of the oceans are joined in a single large interconnected body of water called the world ocean
forms when either waves or wind push together frozen seawater (sea ice) into a large mass.
the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount of liquid.
contains insignificant amounts of salts
A river or stream flowing into a larger lake or body of water
Rain and melting snow sink
into the ground and run off
- Most trickles down through
the ground and collects as
A rock layer that stores and allows the flow of groundwater is called
Hydronic process where moves downward from surface water to groundwater
Located near the earths surface and is part of earth where life exist
systems that cannot exchange matter or energy with its surroundings
systems that can exchange both matter and energy with its surroundings
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THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter 1 Vocabulary
Unit 1 Test Review