16 terms

Diet

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Protein
Essential for the growth and repair of muscle
Nutrients
Important components of food needed for survival
Malnutrition
physical weakness resulting from insufficient food or an unbalanced diet
Obesity
condition of being extremely fat or overweight
Anorexia
eating disorder related to a fear of gaining weight, self-starvation and a distorted body image
Carbohydrates
Supply the body with energy for aerobic and anaerobic exercise
Fats
Major source of energy for the body
Vitamins
Essential to allow you to maintain good health
Minerals
Found in vegetables and meats
Water
Essential to maintain the hydration status of the body
Fibre
An important aid to the digestive system and the process of peristalsis
Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)
the minimum rate of energy required to maintain all the body processes at rest
Calorie
The unit of energy production in the body
Glycogen
the storage carbohydrate in animals and humans
Carbohydrate Loading
The dietary plan used by endurance athletes that boosts the amount of glycogen stored within the body.
Balanced diet
A diet that contains the right quantities of each of the food groups
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