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16 terms

Bio Chapter 15

STUDY
PLAY
biotechnology
the branch of engineering science in which biological science is used to study the relation between workers and their environments
clone
a group of genetically identical cells or organisms derived from a single cell or individual by some kind of asexual reproduction
plasmid
circular DNA molecule found in bacteria
polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
technique that allows molecular biologists to make many copies of a particular gene.
DNA fingerprinting
analysis of fragments of DNA as a form of identification
recombinant DNA
DNA produced by combining DNA from different sources
forensics
the field of study that applies science to matters of legal interest
restriction enzymes
enzyme that cuts DNA at a specific sequence of nucleotides
gel electrophoresis
technique for sorting molecules or fragments of molecules by length
selective breeding
The process of selecting a few organisms with desired traits to serve as parents of the next generation
gene therapy
a technique that places a gene into a cell to correct a hereditary disease or to improve the genome
transgenic
term used to refer to an organism that contains genes from other organisms
genome
the complete genetic material contained in an individual
genetically modified organisms
An organism that has acquired one or more genes by artificial means; also known as a transgenic organism
hybridization
(genetics) the act of mixing different species or varieties of animals or plants and thus to produce hybrids
inbreeding
continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristics to maintain the desired characteristics of a line of organisms