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49 terms

Chapter 1

STUDY
PLAY
Appetite is triggered be
environmental cues such as the smell or taste of food.
The type of study that compares a group of individuals with a disease to another similar but healthy group is called a(n)
case controlled study
Dr. Sullivan is conducting a clinical trial to determine if vitamin Z can improve test performance of students in an introductory college nutrition course. Dr. Sullivan puts all the students' names in a hat and draws names to determine if they will be placed in the control or the experimental group. The experimental group receives a capsule of vitamin Z and the control group a "sugar pill" that tastes and looks identical to the vitamin Z capsule. Neither Dr. Sullivan nor the participants know who is receiving which treatment. This experiment is best described as:
double-blind, random selection, placebo controlled
All of the following are included in the nurse's role in nutrition care of patients except
writes an order for tube feeding rate and delivery
Excessive alcohol intake is the leading cause of death for Americans under age 21 and 3rd leading cause of all U.S. deaths
True
The so-called paleo or caveman diet is characterized by
avoiding all processed foods
Vitamins are classified into two groups
fat soluble; water soluble
erve as an important source of energy for muscles during times of rest and low-intensity exercise
Fats
Which of the following describes the vitamins A, D, E, and K
can be stored in adipose and liver tissue
he type of study that observes a large population to determine factors that may influence nutritional habits and disease trends is called a(n
epidemiological study
What element makes protein different from carbohydrate and fat
nitrogen
he Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) were established to refocus nutrient recommendations toward preventing
chronic diseases
Overconsumption of ________ has the greatest potential for toxicity
vitamin D
Which of the following is a limitation in using animal models in nutritional research
Results of animal studies do not always apply to humans.
Which of the following nutrients is the most energy dense
fat
Jane consumed a breakfast that contained 85 grams of carbohydrate, 20 grams of protein, and 18 grams of fat. How many kilocalories did Jane eat at breakfast
582 kilocalories
are strongly accepted principles supported by many hypotheses that have been collectively confirmed through repeated research
Theories
he key theory behind the emerging science of nutrigenomics is that our genes may respond to dietary factors
True
The building blocks of proteins are called
amino acids
Which of the following professional titles has no definition or laws regulating it?
nutritionist
is considered to be the father of nutrition.
Antione Lavosier
What is the primary source of fuel for the brain
carbohydrates
for dinner, Bill consumes 255 grams of carbohydrate, 70 grams of protein, and 50 grams of fat. In addition, Bill decides that he wants a glass of wine with his meal. If he drinks one glass of wine containing 8 grams of alcohol, how many total kilocalories does he consume in this meal?
1,806 kilocalories
Which of the following organ systems is least affected by alcohol
gallbladder
Your grandmother has recently been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Which of the following professionals is most likely to be qualified to offer your grandmother assistance in planning her diabetic diet
Registered Dietitian (RD
he dietary standard that has been established regarding nutrients about which more research is needed to determine human requirements is the
...
Rates of diabetes incidence are directly correlated to rates of obesity and physical inactivity in the United States
true
The BRFSS is
the government survey that tracks lifestyle habits that increase risks for developing chronic disease
Essential nutrients
cannot be made by the bod
All of the following are proven strategies to keep blood alcohol content low when drinking alcoholic beverages EXCEPT
...
Which of the following is NOT a primary function of dietary protein
serving as a primary source of energy for the body
Which of the following represents a problem that results from the category of malnutrition called nutritional imbalances
kidney disease subsequent to excessive protein supplements
A patient's blood glucose level would be entered into the ____ section of the nutritional assessment
...
The ________ is the leading federal agency in the United States that protects human health and safety
CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Which of the following is the correct recommended alcohol intake per day for people who choose to drink alcoholic beverages? (A drink is defined as the amount of a beverage that provides 1/2 ounce of pure alcohol.)
one drink per day for women and two drinks per day for men
Joyce's friend has recommended that Joyce take a vitamin C supplement before she undergoes oral surgery. Joyce is concerned about consuming too much of the supplement. Which of the following nutrient standards would assist Joyce in determining the highest amount of the supplement that would be safe for her to consume?
UL
Which statement is FALSE concerning the field of nutrition
Nutrition is an ancient science that dates back to the fourteenth century
The development of all of the following diseases are strongly associated with dietary choices EXCEPT
Alzheimer's disease
Which dietary standard defines the ranges of intakes for the macronutrients and is expressed as percentages of total energy
AMDR
Alcohol contains ____ calories per gram
7
The NHANES collects dietary information of Americans by using a
personal interview that collects information from a 24-hour diet recall
Which of the following is an example of an organic micronutrient
folate
Which of the following are examples of carbohydrate-rich foods
wheat and lentils
________ are examples of inorganic nutrients
Minerals
Which of the following BEST describes minerals
inorganic micronutrients found in a variety of foods
Vitamins assist in all of the following EXCEPT
providing energy for the working muscles during physical activity
The standard used to estimate the daily nutrient needs of half of all healthy individuals is
EAR
Resveratrol in grapes and nuts reduces LDL cholesterol (bad cholesterol) and increases HDL cholesterol (good cholesterol)
True
Which of the following nutrients is organic
protein