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14 terms

Med Sci Tech 2: Bacteria/Virus Bio Textbook

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strep(strepto)
stick together in long chains
staph(staphylo)
stick together in clusters
mono
single
diplo
in pairs
bacilli(bacillus)
rod shaped bacteria
cocci(coccus)
spherical shaped bacteria
spirilla(spirillum)
spiral shaped bacteria
endospore
protective 'spore' form of bacteria with a thick internal wall to protect the genetic material and cytoplasm
antibiotic
compound that blocks the growth and reproduction of bacteria
sterilization
process of destroying bacteria by subjecting them to extreme heat or chemical action
capsid
the outer protein coat of a virus
bacteriophage
a virus that infects only bacteria
prophage
the viral DNA that has become incorporated into the host cell DNA
retrovirus
virus that contains only RNA as its genetic material