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16 terms

UNIT 12_medication_definitions_ΓΥΝ

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painkiller
a ​drug that is used to ​reduce or ​remove ​physical ​pain:The ​body ​produces ​chemicals that are ​natural painkillers.
dose
a ​measured ​amount of something such as ​medicine:a high/​low dosea dose of ​penicillinThe ​label says to take one dose three ​times a ​day.20 or 30 of these ​pills would be a ​lethal dose (= enough to ​killyou).
sedative
a ​drug used to ​calm a ​person or ​animal or to make them ​sleep
anti inflammatory
An anti-inflammatory ​drug is one that is used to ​reduce ​painand ​swelling:
stimulants
a ​substance, such as a ​drug, that makes the ​mind or ​bodymore ​active:Caffeine, which is ​found in ​coffee and ​tea, is a ​mild stimulant.
antihistamines
a ​type of ​drug that is used to ​treat ​medical ​conditions ​causedby an ​extreme ​reaction to ​particular ​substances:Antihistamine is often used to ​treat ​hay ​fever and ​insect ​bites.
antibiotics
a ​medicine or ​chemical that can ​destroy ​harmful ​bacteria in the ​body or ​limit ​their ​growth:I'm taking antibiotics for a ​throat ​infection.
laxative
a ​substance that makes it ​easier for the ​waste from someone's ​bowels to come out
suppository
a ​small, ​solid ​pill ​containing a ​drug that is put inside the​anus, where it ​dissolves ​easily
antidepressant
a ​drug used to ​reduce ​feelings of ​sadness and ​worry:She's been on antidepressants ​ever since her ​husband ​died.
By mouth (swallowed)
PO (per os)
IM
Intramuscularly (injected into a muscle)
INH
Inhaled (breathed in)
IV
Intravenously (injected into a vein)
PR
"Per rectum" (placed into the rectum)
SC, SQ, Sub-q
"Subcutaneous" (injected under the skin)

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