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Chapter 30

STUDY
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Stagflation
Word coined by combining parts of "stagnation" and "inflation" which means inflation that is not improving
Bicentennial
Nationwide celebration in 1976 of the 200th anniversary of the Declaration of Independence
Operation Sail
Procession of decorated ships in New York Harbor in honor of the American Bicentennial
National Farm Workers Association
Labor union of Mexican-born farm workers founded by migrant leader Cesar Chavez
Black Power
Movement in the 1960's by African Americans that supported the use of force and political and economic power in the struggle for equal rights
Equal Rights Amendment
(ERA) Failed Constitutional amendment proposed in 1972 to provide that equal rights for women
Megalopolis
Continuous heavily populated urban area connecting a number of cities
Inner City
Usually and older, run down and densely populated central section of a city
Urban Decay
Decline in prosperity or ruining of a city area caused by a population shift to the suburbs
Pollution
Harmful substances that affect the quality of the environment
Smog
"Smoke" plus "fog" produced by smoke and chemical fumes
Acid Rain
Rain containing a high concentration of industrial chemicals that falls as pollution
Greenhouse Effect
Warming of the earth's surface cause by air pollution in the earth's atmosphere
Environmental Protection Agency
(EPA) Department established in 1970 to monitor pollution and seek ways to reduce it
Nuclear Energy
Energy released by controlled nuclear reactions; developed in the twentieth century as an alternative energy source to fossil fuels
Three Mile Island
Nuclear power plant near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania that was the site of an accident in 1979
Chernobyl
Soviet nuclear power plant that exploded in 1986 and released massive amounts of radiation over a widespread area
Twenty-Sixth Amendment
Constitutional amendment that gave 18 to 20 year olds the right to vote
Camp David Accords
Peace agreement between Israel's Premier Begin and Egypt's President Sadat initiated by President Carter in 1979
Inflation Rate
Amount of inflation or the degree to which inflation affects the economy
Supply-Side Economics
Policy followed by President Reagan that lowered tax rates in order to increase spending, which would thereby increase tax revenues
Sandinistas
Rebels in Nicaragua who set up a government friendly to the Soviets
Income Tax Act
Law passed in 1986 that lowered income taxes, especially for the poor
Contras
Nicaraguan counter-revolutionaries who received aid from the U.S. in their effort to overthrow the ruling Sandinista government
Boland Amendment
Law passed in 1984 that prohibited U.S. aid to foreign revolutionary groups
Apartheid
South African policy of separation of the races
Strategic Defense Initiative
(Star Wars) Complex, computerized anti-missile system that president Reagan urged Congress to support with large sums of money