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dance test questions

The sagittal plane divides the body

vertically into right and left

In Laban Movement Analysis the space in which a dancer's body is moving is called the


When a frappe` is performed, the accent is typically on the

extension of the working leg

In Laban's theory of effort (sometimes called movement dynamics), which of the following qualities is not a dimension of effort?

Direction (Up/down)

What is the meter in the waltz


For which of the following exercises would the music (waltz) be most appropriate

Balanc`es across the floor

Which of the following statements correctly describes syncopation?

rhythms that deviate from the normal succession of strong and weak beats

Which of the following two muscles are used for flexion in dance?

biceps brachii, biceps femoris

At what point in a ballet class is the combination most likely to be executed: 1)begin in fifth position with the right foot in front. Do three saut`es in fifth position, one changement, and then repeat on the left side.
2) do one soutenu tournes en dedans to the right, followed by a single pirouette en dehors.
3) repeat from step one on the opposite side.

in the center, after warmup

If one were to eliminate the jumping elements from the combination which steps would be eliminated

the changement and the sautes

The term "port des bras" refers to

movement of the arms

Which of the following dance steps is most advanced? plie, degage, entrechat, tendu


If a ballet step such as grand battement is performed en croix, this means

it is performed in all directions

It would be most appropriate for a teacher to ask students to perform an exercise incorporating a grand jete at which point in a ballet class

at the end of class during an exercise in which the dancers move across the floor

A dancer would be likely to use a technique called spotting

while executing a pirouette

Which of the following movements can be performed en dedans


A dancer is "en pointe" when she is

balancing on the tip of her toe.

Which of the following statements is not true of modern dance technique

it has a set of numbered positions for arms and feet

Modern dance rejects all but which of the following tenets of ballet?

Arms must almost always remain forward of the torso.

Which of the following statements best describes the dance technique introduced by Katherine Dunham?

It incorporated elements of African and Caribbean movement.

With which of the following styles of modern dance is Isadora Duncan associated?

free dance

Which of the following steps in tap dance would produce a total of four audible taps?

cramp roll

Tap dance is known for making heavy use of which of the following types of rhythm?


In jazz dance, bending backward from the knees while maintaining a straight torso is called a


observers would be unlikely to see contractions, releases, and isolations in which of the following dance forms?


The primary purpose of baile folklorico is to

promote social identity and a sense of community

Of the following types of social dance listed below, which does not involve partnering?

line dancing

Flamenco dance is

a form of dance that originated in spain and is characterized by audible and often rapid footwork

A dance teacher would most likely suggest that a student practice Pilates exercises in order to

improve muscle strength

Which of the following choices correctly lists the order in which the vertebrae of the spine are arranged, from top to bottom

cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacrum, coccyx

While executing a fouette turn (fouette en tournant) the dancer's working leg is engaged in

flexion and extension

the hip joint is a

ball and socket joint

which of the following is typically not a goal of ideokinesis

improving flexibility

which of the following statements is not true of proper alignment

it is only necessary in ballet

If a choreographer requires a ballet dancer to lift another dancer of roughly the same size, how might the dancer who is doing the lifting prepare?

by beginning a weight training program for the upper body.

in order to relieve muscle tension, a dancer might engage in all but which of the following practices


ballet dancers should be encouraged to turn out

as far as the hips will allow and the muscles can support

what is the primary muscle that is stretched by reaching forward from a seated position and bending the upper torso as close to the floor as possible, while the legs are extended to the sides at roughly a 150 degree angle (straddle stretch)?

adductor magnus

in order to develop a dancer's endurance for a long performance, a teacher would recommend

aerobic exercise

when a dancer suffers a sprain, which of the following would not be an appropriate part of the treatment?

applying a hot compress such as a heating pad

tendonitis is typically caused by

overuse of a tendon

symptoms of a stress fracture typically include

tenderness, as well as pain in the affected area that is most intense at the beginning and immediately after a class

dancer's safety is at risk in all but which of the following situations?

there are no mirrors in the studio.

for which of the following types of dance is a shoe with a small, soft heel traditionally worn


encouraging dancers to arrive to class on time is most important because

it ensures that the dancer will participate in the warm-up

pointe work

should only begin after the bones of the feet are fully formed

a student who has excessive difficulty balancing, despite following appropriate corrections

may have a vision impairment

with regard to nutrition, which of the following is advisable for recreational dance students

consuming approximately the same amount of calories as are burned.

the primary purpose of wearing tight-fitting clothing in dance class is to

allow teachers to clearly see the students' alignment and movements

a piece of choreography that lacks flow could be improved by the addition of


phrasing may be determined by all but which of the following


which of the following is an appropriate source for generating choreographic ideas

music, plays, and pre-existing dance movements

in determining the appropriate type of choreography to present to an audience the most important information to gather would be

the age range of the audience members and their previous experiences with theater and dance

in generating new choreography

improvisation can be a useful tool

which of the following statements best describes the benefits of live accompaniment for a dance class

live accompaniment makes the class go more smoothly because the music can be tailored to the exercises, and teachers can focus on students' performance rather than finding the appropriate music.

nonliteral choreography may have all but which of the following goals

telling a traditional story

a choreographer asks four dancers to perform different movements simultaneously. this is called a


in choreography the intent of a collage is most likely to

produce a sense of comedy or surrealisma

a canon is most likely to be performed

by the corps de ballet in swan lake

in order to remain out of the audience's view until completely entering the stage, a dancer should

stay as close as possible to the leg downstage of his or her entrance point

where is the apron of the stage located

at the front, closest to the audience

the inability of dancers to maintain their spacing during a group sequence most likely indicates a lack of

kinesthetic awareness

the most important reason that dancers should rehearse in costume before the performance is that

the costumes may restrict the dancer's movements in ways not anticipated when they were constructed

which of the following statements is not true of the role of facial expression in dance?

it should be minimized so as not to distract from the choreography

which of the following tasks is the duty of a stage manager?

coordinating lighting and sound cues

which of the following do Bharantanatyam and liturgical dance have in common?

they are both forms of sacred dance

which of the following statements correctly describes a commonality between traditional Eurpoean folk dance and hip-hop dance in the US?

both originated as forms of social dance

the accomplishments of dancers/choreographers like william henry master juba Lane, Savion Glover, Katherine Dunham and Alvin Ailey exemplify

the contribution of african-americans to dance

which of the following is an example of dance challenging traditional gender roles in society

a female dancer lifting a male dancer in a modern piece

which of the following societal changes has probably had the least impact on the variety of dance styles that are performed in the US today?

economic development

which of the following ballets used music not composed by Tchaikovsky


which of the following is not true of romantic ballets

they contain heavy use of pantomiming

early modern dance composition, such as that of martha graham, was characterized by which of the following forms?


a repertoire is

the complete list of dance compositions that a group or company is prepared to perform

which of the following men is known for pioneering tap dance as a young man living in the Five Points neighborhood of NY city

william henry master juba lane

ballet uses the french language because

many ballet steps were introduced and named in the french court of louis the XIV

the jazz dance choreography in the musical theater classics Chicago and Cabaret is the work of

Bob Fosse

in evaluating the choreography in a performance, which of the following types of information would be most useful?

knowing the intent of the choreographer

when evaluating dance performances, it is important to understand the historical context because

the cultural or social significance of the composition may not be clear to those unfamiliar with the historical context.

as opposed to a dance critic, an audience member is

less likely to criticize a dance performance based on its technical merits

why would original choreography be more important in a contemporary dance concert than in a performance of the Nutcracker

this fits with audience members' expectations

asking students to research a non-western culture and perform a dance from that culture is an example of an _____ approach to learning


which of the following describes a way in which language arts could be integrated into a dance class?

reading a poem and asking students to improvise a short dance inspired by it

which of the following examples highlights a way in which music and dance composition are similar

both may rely on improvisation

A dance teacher gives each student two minutes to individually compose and perform a combination of steps in front of the dance class. which of the following skills in the TEKS is this exercise most directly designed to teach?

improvising and demonstrating original movement

the best way for a teacher to teach a new sequence of steps to a class composed of visual and kinesthetic learners would be to

demonstrate the exercise and allow students to practice it along with the teacher

videotaping a class and then asking the students to watch their performance

may help students identify new areas to improve, or to understand the teacher's corrections better

which of the following activities would be least likely to improve metacognitive skills

giving an oral presentation about dance history

dance teachers need both pedagogical and content knowledge in order to succeed.

knowing how to properly assess student's progress

a research and writing assignment would be most appropriate for assessing which of the following skills in the TEKS

comparing and contrasting the use of form and expression in dance with their use in art, music, theater, and other subject areas

for a ballet class that lasts 90 minutes, which of the following choices represents the best way to structure the class?

30 minutes at the barre, 40 minutes in the center, and 20 minutes across the floor

the best way for a teacher to handle a class with beginning, intermediate, and advanced students would be to

demonstrate versions of each exercise that are appropriate for the various levels.

while a class is performing an exercise, the teacher notices that several students are having a similar problem with technique. the best way to address this problem would be to

use imagery, ask a correct student to demonstrate and physically manipulate their bodies into correct position.

how can BMI measure help a teacher determine whether a student is overweight or underweight?

it is helpful because it indicates whether a student's weight is proportional to his or her height.

1. begin in fifth position with the right foot in front. Do 2 assembles en dedans, followed by four changements. 2. do 2 glissades change to the right, followed by a pirouette en dehors. 3. repeat from step one on the opposite side.
to make the combination described in figure 3 more appropriate for technically advanced dancers, a teacher might

change the changements to entrechats

in order to improve student's kinesthetic awareness and originality, a teacher might assign

a contact improvisation exercise

a written test would be an ideal assessment tool for which of the following skills in the TEKS

identifying historical figures and their significance in dance history

for the following skill from the TEKS what would be the best assessment method? The student is expected to perform dance phrases or dances from several time periods with an understanding of historical and social contexts.

written test supplemented by a performance based assessment

rubrics are most effective for

assessing complex assignments

in order to evaluate student's ability to demonstrate appropriate audience behavior and etiquette in the classroom and at performances, as required in the TEKS the most effective assessment method would be to

explain appropriate audience behavior and then take students to a performance and evaluate their behavior there

this practice employs repetitive motions derived from fundamental gestures and natural movements to increase awareness of habitual movement patterns and release tension left over from old injuries and habits in order to expand range of motion in the joints


this focuses on recognizing habitual movement patterns and postures, as well as places of accumulated tension, and then altering patterns and postures to address associated problems. can help improve balance, muscular support and flexibility, coordination, and movement efficiency, resulting in increased energy and greater ease of movement.

alexander technique

based on laban movement analysis, this practice encourages a deepened awareness of the connections between mind, body, movement, and internal and external environments to enhance mobility and function

bartenieff fundamentals

this employs mental visualization of carefull devised imagery with tactile input to enhance coordination of movement and adjust habitual posture and movement habits. if one can see efficient and aligned movement, one can achieve it


Butoh was developed by

kazua ohno and tatsumi hijikata

Loie Fuller, Isadora Duncan, Ruth St. Denis developed what kind of dance


Jose Limon, Alvin Ailey, Paul Taylor, Katharine Dunham, Merce Cunningham expanded

modern dance technique

the action of bending a joint or the action of decreasing the angle between two levers


the action of straightening a joint or the action of increasing the angle between tow levers


the action of over-straightening a joint past its natural angle, or the action of increasing the angle between two levers to more than 180 degrees


movement of a limb away from the midline of the body


movement of a limb toward the midline of the body


the action of turning a ball-and-socket joint; circular movement around a central axis


inward rotation; turning a limb inward, toward the front of the body


outward rotation; turning a limb outward, toward the back of the body


feet heels touching toes turned out arms: both arms held in front of the torso hands at waist level

first position

feet separated shoulder width toes turned out arms: both extended open and held symmetrically out to the sides, hands between the shoulders and ribcage

second position

feet heel of one foot against the instep of the other foot toes turned out arms: arm corresponding with front foot overhead arem corresponding with back foot open to the side as in second position

third position

feet: separated shoulder width third position arms: arm corresponding with front foot in front of the torso as in first position, arm corresponding with back foot overhead as in fifth position

fourth position

feet: heel of one foot against the big toe of the other foot, toes turned out arms. both arms extending overhead

fifth position

four main movements in the pas de deux

promenade, turns, lifts, leaps, which includes entree, adagio, variations, coda

modern dance technique that involves a dramatic contraction and release, emphasizes weight moving into the floor and a spiral image for off-center or off-balance movement

martha graham

modern dance technique style that explores fall and recovery

doris humphrey

modern dance technique that transformed everyday movement in to the absurd or dramatic

charles weidman

modern dance technique that appears in the lateral T shape his dancers assume - a one-leg balance with the torso tilted off-center and the other leg extended to the side in a counterbalance

lester horton

the original french form of classical ballet from Russia

vaganova method

the orginal french form of classical ballet from italy

cecchetti method

late modern dance technique that created dances without any attached historical, cultural or philosophical meanings

merce cunningham

late modern dance technique developed through an effortless free flow technique that released tension in the body through an emphasis on weight, placement, impulse, immediacy and movement dynamics

erick hawkins

late modern dance technique that draws from everyday gestures and movements such as sitting, crawling, rolling, walking, and running.

paul taylor

tap dancers that are part of the jazz musical tradition such as bill bojangles robinson, sammy davis jr., gregory hines and savion glover

rhythm tap

tap dancers that focus on design and dance aspect of tapping such as fred astaire, gene kelly and ann miller

broadway or show tap

modern jazz style that is a therapeutic method, emphasizes fluidity, unbroken motion, balance, and smooth transitions.

Eugene Facciuto, Luigi

modern jazz style that is an exploratory style. mixes in ballet

gus giordano

modern jazz style that emphasizes agility in all areas

matt mattox

the founder of the modern classical method of ballet

george balanchine

placing an accent on a normally weak beat


refers to simple, multiple, and different rhythm patterns played at the same time.


reach space or personal space.


stretching of the foot along the floor, away from the standing leg


slow sustained movements that often incorporate developpes and balances such as penches


these include pique, chaine, and similar turns that move the dancer across the floor

turns from corner

these include pirouette and fouette turns, in which the dancer remains in one place on the floor

turns at center

small, quick jumps in place such as changements, temps leves, and assembles

petit allegro

large jumps or leaps which move the dancer across the floor, such as grandes jetes or tours jetes

grand allegro

slow port-de-bras and bow at the end of class to acknowledge gratitude to the teacher


bending and straightening the knees


to extend or stretch, pointing the toes


to disengage, brushing foot thru tendu to slightly leave the ground


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