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Social Studies Study Guide
Terms in this set (27)
What is Federalism?
The division of power between state and national governments
Give an example of powers that the states have the responsibility for under federalism.
marriages and education
Give an example of powers that both the state and federal government have under federalism.
taxes and build roads
What is popular sovereignty?
Asserts that the people are the primary source of the government's authority
Who makes up the legislative branch and what is their primary responsibility?
Congress, makes laws
What does the Executive Branch do and give 3 jobs that are in the executive branch.
Executive Branch enforces or executes laws. President, Secretary of State, and Secretary of Defense.
What does the Judicial Branch do and what group is the highest position in this branch?
The Judicial branch interprets or judges laws and government actions. Supreme Court
Give an example of a Check and Balance that each branch has on the other.
When the President Vetoes a bill from Congress.
The Supreme Court rules that a law unconstitutional.
Congress approves nominees to the supreme court
What number are the amendments that are the Bill of Rights?
Which amendments have to do with protecting the rights of the accused in the United States?
Give an example of powers that the federal government has under federalism
print money and raise an army
What are 3 of the rights that are protected in the 1st Amendment?
Freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly and petition
What Amendment has to do with the Federalism?
What Amendment has to do with personal or individual rights that are stated in the Constitution?
Why do you think it is important to have separation of powers, into three different branches?
One Branch would have to much power and could form a dictatorship
.What is the Electoral College and how does it work?
The system that elects the President where each state gives all of its voters to the candidate that wins the majority of the popular vote, usually.
What's the first addmendment
Freedom of speech, press, religion, assemble, and petition
What's the second amendment
Right to bare arms
What's the third amendment
Quartering of troops
What's Quartering troops mean
soldiers are not allowed to stay in a person's home unless given permission
What's the forth amendment
The police don't have the right to just search a person's house unless if they have a search warrent
What's the fith amendment
No one is allowed to testify against themselves in court.
No one can be tried for one crime twice.
Need to have a fair trial.
What's the sixth amendment
Citizens have the right to have a fair and fast trial (CRIMINAL)
What's the seventh amendment
Trial between two people (CIVIL)
What is the nineth amendment
No one can deny the constitutional right of others
What's an example of the nineth amendment
Someone telling someone else that they can't breath. It's not stated in the constitution, but they have the right to breath
What's the tenth amendment
Powers reserved to the states (federalism)
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