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Terms in this set (45)
Top 3 causes of death
Lifestyle (non-communicable) disease
A. Not infectious
B. Made more likely by lifestyle choices and neglect of the body.
C. Often associated with risk factors (factors that make getting the disease more likely)
Cardiovascular Disease (Heart Disease)
-a disease that affects the heart or blood vessels
Risk factors of CVD (controlled)
1. Tobacco Use
2. High blood pressure
3. High cholesterol
4. Physical inactivity
5. Excess weight
7. Alcohol/drug use
Risk factors of CVD (uncontrolled)
High blood pressure
plaque build up on artery wall
What your blood pressure means
top number = systolic pressure (pressure on blood vessels when the heart is beating/contracts)
bottom number = diastolic pressure (pressure when heart is resting between beats)
Normal range of bp
Fat lipids in blood
carries cholesterol to liver to be broken down
displaces oxygen in blood
Speeds up heart rate
clogs alveoli sacs in lungs
What are four ways that regular physical activity helps?
1. Maintains healthy weight
2. Strengthens heart
3.Lowers blood pressure
4. Raise HDL cholesterol
How can stress contribute to cardiovascular disease?
Unmanaged stress can raise blood pressure
Treatment for CVD
healthy vein is removed from the leg or chest and
reattached to create a detour around the blocked artery.
balloon is inserted into the blocked artery and is inflated several times then it is removed. Sometimes a stent is left in place.
Includes diuretics to aid with the body's fluid balance, cholesterol-lowering drugs, and drugs that slow the blood's clotting mechanisms in order to reduce the risk of stroke.
small device sends steady electrical impulses to the heart to make it beat regularly.
an uncontrollable growth of abnormal cells
abnormal mass or tissue with no natural role in the body
spread of cancer from the point where it originated
What are four risk factors for developing cancer that you CAN CONTROL?
1. Tobacco use
3. Sexually Transmitted Infection
What are the warning signs of cancer?
Change in bowel habit
A sore that does not heal
Unusual bleeding or discharge from uterus, bladder, bowels, nipple, coughing
Thickening or lump in breast or elsewhere
Indigestion or difficulty swallowing
Obvious change in wart or mole
Nagging cough or hoarseness
How can you reduce your risk of cancer?
eat low saturated fat and high fiber foods
avoid tobacco and drug use
Maintain a healthy weight
protect skin from ultraviolet rays
Eat nutritious foods
recognize warning signs of cancer
What is the value of doing breast self-exams and testicular self-exams?
Most common site of cancer
Most dangerous type of skin cancer
What are the ABCDs of melanoma skin cancer detection?
How can you protect yourself from skin cancer?
Limit time in sun
Avoid tanning in beds or sunlamps
Wear proactive clothing when in sun
Pay attention to changes in moles or warts
Use sunscreen that has UVA/UVB protection
Leading causes of cancer deaths in men vs women
lung, prostate, colon & rectum
replace prostate with breast for women
Stroke (Cerebrovascular Accident)
broken blood vessel or arterial blockage that interrupts the flow of blood to the brain
How does this affect the brain?
Brain cells are deprived of oxygen and die within minutes—parts of the body controlled by that area cannot function.
group of diseases characterized by high levels of blood glucose
condition where a person has a blood glucose level higher than normal.
Type 1 diabetes
develops when the body's immune system destroys the only cells in the body that make the hormone insulin that regulates blood glucose.
Type 2 diabetes
Type 2- a disorder in which the cells do not use insulin properly. As the need for insulin rises, the pancreas gradually loses its ability to produce it.
glucose intolerance diagnosed during pregnancy
Warning signs of diabetes
a. Increased thirst
b. Frequent urination
c. Increased hunger (especially after eating)
d. Dry mouth
e. Unexplained weight loss
g. Blurred vision
Complications of Diabetes
e. Heart disease
h. Blindness and eye problems
i. Kidney disease
a. Nervous system damage
c. Dental disease
d. Birth defects
2. Physical Activity
3. Insulin (must have this for type 1)
4. Oral Medication
what happens during a Type 2 hypersensitivity?
how do you name a metaplasia?
What is the most common vitamin deficiency in the US?
What are proteins used for by the cell?
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