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32 terms

Exploring Creation With General Science Mod. 9-16

Module 9 - 16
STUDY
PLAY
Appendicular skeleton
The portion of the skeleton that attaches to the axial skeleton and has the limbs attached to it
Arteries
Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
Atom
The smallest unit of matter in creation
Autonomic nervous system
The system of nerves that carries instructions from the CNS to the body's organisms
Axial skeleton
The portion of the skeleton that supports the head, neck, and trunk
Basal metabolic rate
The minimum amount of energy needed every day
Capillaries
Tiny thin-walled blood vessels that allow the exchange of gasses and nutrients between the blood and cells
Carnivore
A consumer that only eats other consumers
Cell
The smallest unit of life in creation
Consumers
Organisms that eat producers and/or other consumers
Decomposer
Organisms that break down the dead remains of other organisms
Digestion
The process by which an organism breaks down its food into small units which can be absorbed
Eukaryotic Cell
A cell with organelles
Exoskeleton
A body covering made of chitin that provides support and protection
Gland
A group of cells that prepare and release a chemical for use by the body
Herbivore
A consumer that eats producers only
Hormone
A chemical released in the bloodstream that sends signals to specific cells, causing them to change their behavior in specific ways
Metabolism
The process by which a living organism takes energy from its surroundings and uses it to sustain itself, develop, and grow
Molecule
Two or more atoms linked together to make a substance with unique properties
Motor nervous system
The system of nerves which carries instructions from the CNS to the skeletal muscles
Omnivore
A consumer that eats both plants and other consumers
Pathogen
An organism that causes disease
Photosynthesis
The process by which a plant uses the energy of the sunlight and certain chemicals to produce its own food
Producers
Organisms that produce their own food
Prokaryotic Cell
A cell that has no organelles
Receptors
Structures that allow Organisms to sense their surroundings
Sensory nervous system
The system of nerves which carries information from the body's receptors to the CNS
Symbiosis
Two or more organisms living together so that they benefit from each other
Vaccine
A weakened or inactive version of a pathogen that stimulates the body's production of antibodies which can destroy the pathogen
Vegetative Reproduction
The process by which the stem of a plant can form new roots and develop into a mature plant
Veins
Blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart
Vitamin
A chemical substance essential for the normal working human body