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Phase I

Black Tuesday

October 29, 1929; the day the stock market crashed

Bull Market

a steady rise in the stock market over a period of time

Great Depression

a severe, world wide economic crisis which lasted from the end of 1929 to the outbreak of World War II


Camps built outside of major cities by people who had lost their homes during the great depression called hoovervilles because the people blamed Pres hoover for their situation

Franklin D. Roosevelt

32nd President of the United States during most of the Depression and most of World War II.

New Deal

The name of President Roosevelt's program for getting the United States out of the depression

Three R's

Relief, Recovery , & Reform

Totalitarian Government

a system in which government control extends to almost all aspects of people's lives

Adolf Hitler

German Nazi dictator during World War II

Joseph Stalin

leader of the Soviet Union during WWII


emperor of Japan during WWII

Benito Mussolini

fascist dictator of Italy during WWII


lightning wars; swift, sudden military offensive, usually by combined air and land forces

Neutrality Act

series of laws passed by Congress in 1935 that banned arms sales or loans to countries at war

Pearl Harbor

United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941.

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