Theology Principles and Choices Review
Terms in this set (48)
To make something less severe.
The ability of a person to make their own decisions.
The refusal to obey unjust laws, demands, or commands of a government.
The value or worth of a human being.
An act that does not break any of the rules that guide human behavior towards that is right.
Rules that guide human behavior towards what is right.
The act of intentionally causing death of a terminally ill person by either direct action, or through omission.
The value or worth that others see in us.
Rights that are given to us by others.
A state of being able to control your own thoughts and actions.
Freedom From/ Freedom To/For
A condition that liberates people to server a purpose beyond themselves.
Freedom of Choice
The right to pursue whatever option to choose, except where an act may obstruct others from pursuing their rights.
Full Human Potential
The highest potential that humans can receive.
The complete set of human genetic material.
Can not be taken away.
The value or dignity that we have just because we are human.
Giving others what they deserve and being fair.
Moral powers which are apart of your nature.
Who you are at your very core.
To do no harm.
The way that humans use freedom to make decisions.
Allowing physicians to write a prescription for lethal doses of medication so that patients can take the drug in order to commit suicide.
The right of citizens to not be abused by the government or by others.
Before birth or during pregnancy.
Principle of Double Effect
Situation where you perform a good act and it has a good effect and a bad effect. As long as you only intended the good effect, you are not responsible for the bad effect.
Exercising reasonable control over your desires.
When something exists on its own.
Giving up something that we want or have.
Based on feeling which can change from time to time.
Something that is real, but has no physical parts. Ex: love.
An illegitimate government which ignores inalienable rights and hierarchy of rights and causes fear.
An act that breaks the rules that guide humans towards what is right.
Universal Ethical Principles
Rules which are so basic that they apply to the entire human race.
Knowing what is important in life so when a conflict happens, we can choose well.
Principle of Non-Maleficence
Do no harm, and avoid harm at all costs.
Principle of Consistent Ends and Means
You can't use evil to achieve good.
Principle of Full Human Potential
Every human deserves to be valued according to what they are capable of achieving at their highest potential.
Principle of Natural Rights
All humans have the inalienable right to life, liberty, and property.
Principle of Hierarchy of Rights
Any right which is a necessary condition for the possibility of another right's existence is the more fundamental rights.
Principle of Limits to Freedom
Creating a new right for someone is wrong if it becomes a burden for others.
1. Physical Pleasure and Possessions
We get this happiness from using our 5 senses and we get pleasure from it. Ex: eating good food.
We get this happiness from achieving, winning, and succeeding. Ex: winning the championship game.
3. Contribution to Others
We get this happiness from helping others. Ex: volunteering.
4. Ultimate Good Surrender to God
We get this happiness by giving everything to God and loving him.
People want freedom from all barriers that stand in the way of achieving their pleasures and possessions.
People want freedom from whatever doesn't advance their winning and succeeding.
People feel free when they can pursue their fullest human potential.
Having the ability to seek God in your life.