An acid is a hydrogen-ion donor and a base is a hydrogen- ion acceptor
The ion that forms when a water molecule gains a hydrogen ion
The amount of acid or base that can be added to a buffer solution before a significant change in pH occurs
A solution of a weak acid and one of its salts or a solution of a weak base and one of its salts
The cations or anbions of a dissociated salt remove hydrogen ions from, or donate hydrogen ions to, water
The point at which trhe indicator chanes color
The point at which neutralization occurs
The solution of known concentration
The complete reaction of a strong acid and a strong base produces a neutral solution
Acid dissociation constant
The ratio of the concentration of the dissociated form of an acid to the concentration of the undissociated form
Ionizes only slightly in aqueous solution
An acid that is completely ionized in aqueous solution
The negative log of the hydrogen ion concentration
A solution in which [H+] is less that [OH-]
A solution in which [H+] is greater than [OH-]
Ion product constant for water
The product of the concentrations of the hydrogen ions and hydroxide in water (Kw)
Kw=[H+] x [OH-]= 1.0 x 10*-14
Any aqueous solution in which [H+] and [Oh-] are equal
The reaction in which water molecules produce ions
Lewis acids and bases
An acid accepts a pair of electrons and a base donates a pair of electrons during a reaction
A substance that can act as either an acid or a base
Conjugate acid-base pair
Two ions or molecules related by the loss or gain of one hydrogen ion
The ion or molecule that remaines after an acid loses a hydrogen ion
A conjugate acid
The ion or molecule formed when a base gaines a hydrogen ion
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