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The amount of acid or base that can be added to a buffer solution before a significant change in pH occurs
A solution of a weak acid and one of its salts or a solution of a weak base and one of its salts
The cations or anbions of a dissociated salt remove hydrogen ions from, or donate hydrogen ions to, water
The complete reaction of a strong acid and a strong base produces a neutral solution
Acid dissociation constant
The ratio of the concentration of the dissociated form of an acid to the concentration of the undissociated form
Ion product constant for water
The product of the concentrations of the hydrogen ions and hydroxide in water (Kw)
Kw=[H+] x [OH-]= 1.0 x 10*-14
Lewis acids and bases
An acid accepts a pair of electrons and a base donates a pair of electrons during a reaction
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